History timeline

8000 BC
  • Ice Age - Whale bones
    Around 10,000 years ago at the end of the last Ice Age, the majority of the Forth Valley, including Flanders Moss was under water, and Gowan Hill and Abbey Craig were promontories projecting into a lost prehistoric ocean and Craigforth was an island!

    The Smith Museum and Art Gallery www.smithartgalleryandmuseum.co.uk has bones of whales washed up on this prehistoric shoreline from 5000 BC.

    Over the centuries the ocean gradually silted up, but Stirling remained the lowest crossing across the Forth used by every military campaign from the Romans to the Jacobites in 1745.

    The Roman’s called Scotland North of the Forth ‘virtually another island’ and when it was built Old Stirling Bridge was the largest bridge in Scotland and Stirling was in effect a frontier city with the Castle protecting the mass of Scotland to the North.
    Ice Age - Whale bones
4000 BC
  • Neolithic and Bronze Age
    The first farmers came to Scotland some 6000 years ago and while these people left no written records we do find remains of their houses and temples under the ground and some of their hand tools are in the Smith Museum and Art Gallery www.smithartgalleryandmuseum.co.uk, including some of the stone axes used to clear the great Caledonian Forest
    Neolithic and Bronze Age
999 BC
  • Pre history timeline

    The Danes, already well-established through the Hebrides and on the mainland and supported with on-going North Sea crossings, battled with Albas Picts in 839 and utterly defeated them.

    The North of Scotland experienced a gradual population migration, under the Norse pressure, with the Scots of the west encroaching on the Picts of the east.

    Four years later in 843 Kenneth MacAlpin, ( Cined mac Ailpn) son of Alpin, 34th King of Dalriada, asserted himself as the first King of the Picts and Scots

    It is also fair to say that the entire kingdom of Scotland was forged within sight of the castle rock, when king Kenneth MacAlpine of the Scots defeated the Picts in 843. A large standing stone in the grounds of Stirling University is believed to mark the possible site of that important battle. Thereafter, as the Scots went on to defeat the Angles and so gradually establish the modem kingdom of Scotland, their kings were to turn many times to the strength and strategic dominance of that fortress hill.

    Pre history timeline
500 BC
  • 500BC - Iron Age Fort Built on Gowanhill
    Moderate Walks Back Walk &Gowanhill, Stirling ... You climb along a ridge to 150m,to the site of an Iron Age fort, where there is a 360 degree panoramic view
    500BC - Iron Age Fort Built on Gowanhill
70
  • The Roman Invasions
    The Romans invaded what became Scotland on numerous occasions and on at least four of these they went through Stirling: AD 79-83 Agricola; AD 142 AD under Emperor Antoninus Pius; Emperor Septimius Severus AD 208; and Constantius Chlorus in 305 AD.

    All of these armies had to come through Stirling as it was the lowest crossing point of the forth and the only way an army could march north or south on land. This means that for the next 2000 years Stirling becomes one of the most important locations in Scottish history.

    The first of the invasions, under General Agricola placed Stirling firmly in the Empire. Agricola also won the Battle of Mons Graupius, the first recorded in Scottish history, the leader of the Caledonians Calgacus (Sword Man) is the first named Scot, and built the Gask Ridge, argued to be the first boundary the Romans Empire ever created which started from Doune! http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gask_Ridge

    The people around Stirling were known as the Maetae and their name survives in two local landmarks: Myot Hill and Dumyat (Dun Maeatae: the Fort of the Maeatae). Around 200 AD the Maeatae broke their treaties with Rome and sided with the Caledonians to the North which was the cause of Septimius’s Serverus’s invasion of 208 AD.
    The Maeatae lived in both hillforts and brochs. On of their hillforts, Mote Hill was destroyed by fire and subsequently vitrified around 250 AD. This image is one of the easiest hillforts to visit in Scotland and surrounds the Beheading Stone
    Dumyat: an ancient fortress of the Maeatae (image copyright Murray Cook)

    The Roman Invasions
  • 70:Iron Age Celts

    At this point it was still impossible for large amounts of people to cross the Forth by foot and so people and goods moved east-west around and probably crossed at Arnprior or even further west.

    70:Iron Age Celts
843
  • 843 BC: Ken McAlpine Crowned

    The Danes, already well-established through the Hebrides and on the mainland and supported with on-going North Sea crossings, battled with Albas Picts in 839 and utterly defeated them.

    The North of Scotland experienced a gradual population migration, under the Norse pressure, with the Scots of the west encroaching on the Picts of the east.

    Four years later in 843 Kenneth MacAlpin, ( Cined mac Ailpn) son of Alpin, 34th King of Dalriada, asserted himself as the first King of the Picts and Scots

    It is also fair to say that the entire kingdom of Scotland was forged within sight of the castle rock, when king Kenneth MacAlpine of the Scots defeated the Picts in 843. A large standing stone in the grounds of Stirling University is believed to mark the possible site of that important battle. Thereafter, as the Scots went on to defeat the Angles and so gradually establish the modem kingdom of Scotland, their kings were to turn many times to the strength and strategic dominance of that fortress hill.

    843 BC: Ken McAlpine Crowned
973
  • 973: Kenneth McAlpin gathers army at Stirling

    In 973 king Kenneth 111 mustered an army at Stirling, where he was almost certainly staying, before going off to defeat a Danish invasion at the battle of Luncarty.

    973: Kenneth McAlpin gathers army at Stirling
1115
  • 1115: Alexander I dedicates an existing chapel within the castle.

    Alexander I - 1077 to 1124 and was King of Scotland from January 1107 to 1124.

    Alexander was the fifth son of Malcolm III and Margaret and he followed his brothers Edgar,Edmund (with Donald III) and his half brother Duncan II to the thone.

    When Edgar died he bequeathed only the northern half of his Kingdom to Alexander. The lands south of the Forth and Clyde were made into a separate earldom and placed in the care of another brother, David, who went on to become David I.

    Alexander gained a reputation for fierceness after suppressing a revolt by descendents of King Lulach in Moray. On the other hand he was also know for his support of the church and his piety, which included the foundation of abbeys on Inchcolm and at Scone.

    Alexander continued his predecessor's close (and subservient) links with Henry I of England, in 1114 commanding part of Henry's army on campaign in Wales. He also married Henry's illegitimate daughter Sybilla (Henry had married Alexander's sister Matilda). Sybilla died suddenly in July 1122, leaving no children.

    Around the year 1115 king Alexander 1 had a chapel dedicated within his castle at Stirling. He also died at Stirling Castle in 1124, from where he was taken to Dunfermline Abbey for burial alongside his mother Queen Margaret

    From then on, a continuous succession of Scottish kings used Stirling Castle as one of their most important administrative strongholds. At a time when there was no permanent capital in the country - the 'capital' was wherever the king held his parliament - a remarkable number of royal acts were issued from Stirling.

    Alexander died at Stirling in 1124 succeeded by his brother, David I.

    1115: Alexander I dedicates an existing chapel within the castle.
1124
  • 1124: King David 1 makes Stirling Royal Burgh

    In 1124 king David 1 made Stirling one of the first royal burghs in Scotland, granting special favours which allowed it to develop into an important medieval trading town. This was partly to ensure a supply of local craftsmen and merchants for his own buildings within the castle - after all, the royal household required the constant provision of everything from candles and cooking pots to exotic foreign foodstuffs, fine cloth and wine. From then on, the merchants and craftsmen of Stirling continued to enjoy a close relationship with the royal family up at the castle, as they supplied its everyday needs.

    David was the sixth son of Malcolm III and Margaret, and taking both Malcolm's marriages into account was the fourth of Malcolm's sons to sit on the throne of Scotland.

    David I was noted for his piety: indeed some felt him too pious to be a good ruler. He was responsible for the founding of many abbeys including Holyrood, Melrose and Dryburgh, and sees like Caithness, Dunblane and Aberdeen. This was not always as unworldly as it seemed. The monasteries significantly improved the economy of Scotland by their innovations in areas like sheep farming, coal working and salt producing.

    David also founded a series of royal burghs like Stirling,Perth and Dunfermline; he was responsible for Scotland's first coinage; and he brought many Anglo-Normans into the southern half of the country to help with the process of government. In around 1130 David took direct control of Moray after a revolt against him there, doing away with the hereditary sub-kingship that had previously wielded much influence there.

    1124: King David 1 makes Stirling Royal Burgh
1129
  • 1129: Church of the Holy Rude Founded

    "In the Middle Ages picturesque Church Services of all kinds went on almost continuously. Services not only for individual citizens but for the numerous corporations, trade guilds and the like which made medieval burgh life so richly diversified."

    "It was the Church which provided such education as was then available; she cared for the poor, the sick and the unhappy; the stranger and the outcast, the refugee from violence or from the cruel penal code of the times."

    "We are working to rediscover something of all that - working together in partnership for the common-weal of all the people." Rev. Morris Coull

    The Church of the Holy Rude is the second oldest building in Stirling after the castle, and dates it's existence back to the reign of David 1 (1124 - 1153) as the parish church of Stirling.

    Because of its close links with the castle, the church always had the close support and patronage of the Stuart kings, especially in the 15th, 16th and early 17th centuries, and is reputed to be the only church in the United Kingdom other than Westminster Abbey to have held a coronation and still be a living church today.

    The coronation of James VI (1567 - 1625) is an important part of the history of the nation of Scotland, of the United Kingdom and of the Reformation.

    On the 24 May 1997, Her Majesty the Queen was present in the Church of the Holy Rude to witness a re-enactment of the coronation of her ancestor, and to unveil a commemorative inscription to mark the event.

    Recently and extensively renovated, and now with an improved information service for visitors, the Church of the Holy Rude, a significant and living church, tells the story of a proud 800 year existence, playing its part in the growth of Stirling.

    Tom Macdougall, SESSION CLERK
    Minister, Church of the Holy Rude

    1129: Church of the Holy Rude Founded
1140
  • 1140: King David 1 founded Cambuskenneth Abbey

    In 1140 the same king David also founded nearby Carnbuskenneth Abbey, an Augustinian house similar to Holyrood Abbey which he also established close to his residence at Edinburgh Castle. Clearly Stirling and Edinburgh were now emerging as the two most favoured royal residences in Scotland.

    Thereafter, a long procession of monarchs came to enjoy Stirling. King William the Lion improved the amenities of his castle by establishing a royal hunting ground, still known as the Kings Park, below the ramparts. During the years which followed a colourful royal mixture of births, coronations, deaths, murders, parliaments and kidnappings occurred within the castle walls.

    The Douglas Garden, for example, recalls the murder by King James II of his warlord enemy the eighth Earl of Douglas, whose body was thrown into this area from a window above, while the 'Heading Stone' on the nearby Gowan Hill marks where at least five dukes and earls were executed as traitors in the 15th century.

    For many, the greatest king to live at Stirling was James IV, responsible for much of the present appearance of the castle. This Renaissance king, founder of Aberdeen University and Edinburgh's College of Surgeons, speaker of six languages including Gaelic, patron to some of Scotland's greatest artistic talents, is the monarch who brought Robert Carver to the Chapel Royal at Stirling Castle and thus discovered perhaps Scotland's finest ever musical composer.
    Such was his interest in science that he also supported the French monk Damian in his unsuccessful attempts at Stirling to turn lead into gold. He also built the famous Great Hall - scene of the extraordinary 'ship' which astonished guests at James Vl's famous banquet in 1594 on the occasion of Prince Henry's baptism.

    1140: King David 1 founded Cambuskenneth Abbey
1147
  • 1170: William I (William the Lion) creates a royal hunting park at Stirling.

    William 1143 to 1214 and was King of Scotland from1165 to 1214.

    He was the grandson of David I and younger brother to his predecessor, Malcolm IV. William was a striking contrast to his frail brother, proving to be a strong king whose reign was undermined only by a fixation on regaining control of Northumberland from the English.

    In 1166 William went to Normandy with Henry II of England, and in 1170 he spent Easter at Windsor as a guest of the English King. In the early years of his reign he also, however, showed his suspicion of Henry's intentions by entering into what has since become known as The Auld Alliance, a mutual defence agreement between Scotland, France and Norway.

    This came to a head when in 1173 three of Henry II's sons, and his wife Eleanor of Aquitaine, led a revolt against him. In return for a promise Scotland could have Northumberland, William I intervened on behalf of the rebels. In an engagement with English troops, William became separated and was captured. He was taken as a prisoner to Henry in Northampton, then to Falaise in Normandy. Meanwhile, an English army occupied key parts of Scotland.

    In order to obtain his freedom William signed the Treaty of Falaise on 8 December 1174. Under the treaty the Scots were taxed to pay the costs of the occupying English army and the English were to retain control of key Scottish castles like Stirling and Edinburgh. The treaty also stipulated that William acknowledge Henry II of England as his feudal superior. As a result, in 1186 Henry arranged for William to be married to Ermengarde de Beaumont, a granddaughter of King Henry I of England. Her dowry was Edinburgh Castle.

    William died on 4 December 1214 in Stirling at the age of 71. His son and successor, Alexander II helped carry his body to its place of burial in front of the high altar in the still only partially completed Abbey Church at Arbroath.

    1170: William I (William the Lion) creates a royal hunting park at Stirling.
1226
  • 1226 : King Alexander II's Charter

    13th August, 1226

    Granting a weekly market day and right to the Burgesses to have a Merchant Guild

    1226 : King Alexander II's Charter
1263
  • 1263 : Alexander III creates additional hunting parks to the south of Stirling Castle, near Bannockburn.

    Alexander III 1241 to 1286 and was King of Scotland from 1249 to 1286. He was the only son of Alexander II, and came to the throne on the death of his father, aged just 8. He was crowned on 13 July 1249 at Scone Abbey

    Alexander's period of minority rule was marked by conflict between rival Scottish factions keen to exert power in his name. Meanwhile, Henry III of England was hovering in the background, hoping to take advantage of the circumstances. On Christmas Day 1251, aged 10, Alexander III was knighted by Henry III at York. The following day he married the English monarch's eldest daughter, Princess Margaret.

    Despite his lack of years, Alexander evaded his new father-in-law's efforts to make him swear homage to the English King for the Kingdom of Scotland. Meanwhile the rivalry within Scotland for control of Alexander continued, and included his being kidnapped at one point.

    Alexander took control of the crown in his own right on attaining the age of 21 in 1262. He immediately turned his focus to completing the project left unfinished by his father Alexander II's death, regaining the Western Isles from Norwegian control

    Margaret died in 1274 and their three children, including two sons, had all died by early 1283. Their daughter, also called Margaret, was the wife of King Eirik II of Norway and died in childbirth. In 1284 the child, who had survived, and who was also called Margaret (the Maid of Norway), was recognised by the Scottish Parliament as the heir presumptive to the Scottish throne.

    Alexander wanted a male heir, so he married again. This time it was to Yolande, Comtesse de Montfort, daughter of Robert IV, Comte de Dreux. They married on 14 October 1285. Five months later, tragedy struck. On 19 March 1286, King Alexander III, then aged 44, was returning on horseback to be with Yolande at Kinghorn Castle after meeting his Council in Edinburgh. It was after dark and the weather was very bad when he came along the cliff road above Pettycur. It is believed Alexander's horse stumbled, and pitched him to his death over the cliffs.

    Alexander's death brought to an end a rare "golden age" in Scottish History and resulted in a crisis of succession that led directly to the Wars of Independence with England. But for his decision to take that path that night, none of us would ever have heard of William Wallace, Robert the Bruce or Bannockburn: and today's Scotland could be an utterly different place. Alexander was succeeded by Margaret, Maid of Norway.

    1263 : Alexander III creates additional hunting parks to the south of Stirling Castle, near Bannockburn.
1296
  • 1296: Edward I invaded and subjected Scotland

    Edward 1invaded and subjected Scotland in 1296, massacring the townspeople of Berwick, stripping King John Balliol of his arms of Scotland and her symbols of nationhood, including the stone of destiny, Black Rood of St Margaret, and many other precious relics, jewels, documents and charters.

    Against impossible odds, William Wallace and Andrew Moray raised an army, fought a guerrilla war against the English occupation, and, on 11 September 1297 inflicted a decisive defeat at Stirling Bridge.

    The Scots waited until the English army crossed the wooden bridge in significant numbers, before attacking. The heavy English cavalry was trapped and unable to fight properly in the soft land around the River Forth; and a partial demolition of the bridge at the north end - organised by Wallace at a critical moment - threw many into the water, and the army was split and defeated.

    After the death of Wallace in 1305, King Robert the Bruce continued the war. Bruce agreed to concede defeat if the English could lift the siege of Stirling Castle by the eve of St John the Baptist, midsummer's day, 1314. As ever, to take Stirling was to hold Scotland.

    1296: Edward I invaded and subjected Scotland
1297
  • 1297: Wallace leads the Scots to victory in the Battle of Stirling Bridge

    No less than six major battles which changed the course of Scottish and British history took place in or near Stirling, but it was the two of which chronicler Walter Bower wrote in 1440 that hold a special place in the hearts and minds of Scots everywhere.

    The "divine power" reflects the belief of the two greatest leaders in Scottish history, William Wallace and King Robert the Bruce, that God was on the side of the Scots, as they faced greatly superior odds at Stirling Bridge and Bannockburn.

    These two battles secured in the long term the distinctive identity of Scotland as a nation, and Stirling has always been conscious of the part it played in delivering the result

    Whether by intellect or intuition, the rest of Scotland has recognised and concurred with this contribution. Seven hundred years to the day after the Battle of Stirling on 11 September 1997, "the settled will of the Scottish people" in the referendum was for a Scottish Parliament. It could not have been otherwise

    The site of the two great battles, fought for Scotland's freedom during the long War of Independance, 1296-1320, illustrated what was commonly said - "To Take Stirling is to Hold Scotland".

    1297: Wallace leads the Scots to victory in the Battle of Stirling Bridge
1314
  • 1314: The Battle of Bannockburn was fought and won by King Robert the Bruce and his army

    The "divine power" reflects the belief of the two greatest leaders in Scottish history, William Wallace and King Robert the Bruce, that God was on the side of the Scots, as they faced greatly superior odds at Stirling Bridge and Bannockburn.

    After the death of Wallace in 1305, King Robert the Bruce continued the war. Bruce agreed to concede defeat if the English could lift the siege of Stirling Castle by the eve of St John the Baptist, midsummer's day, 1314. As ever, to take Stirling was to hold Scotland.

    King Robert intercepted the army of King Edward 11 on the field of Bannockburn, having prepared the ground carefully and worked out his plan of attack in advance.

    His great victory on 24 June 1314 has been well celebrated in song and poetry, not least because he captured Edward 11's poet, Robert Baston, and held him prisoner for 10 years, making him write a long poem on the event. Baston's composition is one of the most profound anti-war songs of the middle ages.

    Stirling is indeed "the brooch which clasps the Highlands and the Lowlands together". It has been at the heart of many of the most momentous events in the history of Scotland - it is impossible to write about the country's past without frequent reference to Stirling. No other place of its size can make that claim

    Elspeth King,
    Smith Art Gallery and Museum

    1314: The Battle of Bannockburn was fought and won by King Robert the Bruce and his army
1320
  • 1320: Declaration of Arbroath

    It is in truth not for glory, nor riches, nor honours that we are fighting, but for freedom - for that alone, which no honest man gives up but with life itself.

    Extract from the Declaration of Arbroath, 1320.

    The Declaration of Arbroath is without doubt the most famous document in Scottish history. Like the American Declaration of Independence, which is partially based on it, it is seen by many as the founding document of the Scottish nation. It was drafted on the 6th April 1320 - a day the United States of America has declared to be Tartan Day.

    The Declaration is a Latin letter which was sent to Pope John XXII in April/May 1320. It was most likely drafted in the scriptorium of Arbroath Abbey by Abbot Bernard on behalf of the nobles and barons of Scotland. It was one of three letters sent to the Pope in Avignon, the other two being from King Robert Bruce himself and from four Scottish bishops, attempting to abate papal hostility. The document received the seals of several Scottish barons and it then was taken to the papal court at Avignon in France by Sir Adam Gordon.

    Cunning Diplomatic Letter or Constitutional Document?

    There is considerable debate over the Declarations significance. For some it is simply a diplomatic document; while others see it as a radical movement in western constitutional thought. Arbroath Abbey

    It could be viewed as a cunning diplomatic ploy by the Scottish barons to explain and justify why they were still fighting their neighbours when all Christian princes were supposed to be united in crusade against the Muslims. All this, just at the point when they were about to retake Berwick: Scotlands most prosperous medieval town. As an explanation, it failed to convince the pope to lift his sentence of excommunication on Scotland.

    Others analyse what the Declaration of Arbroath actually says. The Scots clergy had produced not only one of the most eloquent expressions of nationhood, but the first expression of the idea of a contractual monarchy. Here is the critical passage in question:

    Yet if he (Bruce) should give up what he has begun, and agree to make us or our kingdom subject to the King of England or the English, we should exert ourselves at once to drive him out as our enemy and a subverter of his own rights and ours, and make some other man who was well able to defend us our King; for, as long as but a hundred of us remain alive, never will we on any conditions be brought under English rule. It is in truth not for glory, nor riches, nor honours that we are fighting, but for freedom - for that alone, which no honest man gives up but with life itself.

    Extract from the Declaration of Arbroath

    The threat to drive Bruce out if he ever sold Scotland to English rule was a fantastic bluff. There was nobody else to take his place. The point is that the nobles and clergy are not basing their argument to the pope on the traditional notion of the Divine Rights of Kings. Bruce is King first and foremost because the nation chose him, not God, and the nation would just as easily choose another if they were betrayed by the King. The explanation also neatly covers the fact that Bruce had usurped John Balliols rightful kingship in the first place.

    In spite of all possible motivations for its creation, the Declaration of Arbroath, under the extraordinary circumstances of the Wars of Independence, was a prototype of contractual kingship in Europe.

    1320: Declaration of Arbroath
1326
  • 1326: First Scottish Parliament meets at Cambuskenneth Abbey

    Originally known as the Abbey of St Mary or the Abbey of Stirling, Cambuskenneth Abbey rapidly gathered considerable wealth and influence because of its royal patronage and its links with Stirling Castle.

    Within a loop of the winding River Forth. An Augustinian settlement founded by King David I in 1147. Benefitting from Royal Patronage of Stirling this became one of the richest abbeys in the country.

    The Abbey was closely involved with the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314: Bruce's Parliament which met here in 1326 was the first to include representatives of Scotland's burghs.

    After the Battle of Sauchieburn in 1488, King James III was murdered near Bannockburn and you can see his grave at Cambuskenneth. He is buried along with his wife, Queen Margaret of Denmark. Their tomb was erected and financed by Queen Victoria.

    After the Reformation the abbey became a quarry for stone reused in various parts of Stirling itself. Apart from the bell tower which still stands today, very little was left by the time the site was excavated by William Mackison, the Stirling Burgh Architect, in 1864.

    1 mile East of the city centre.

    Access from Riverside Drive and over the footbridge to the village of Cambuskenneth.

    Access by car from Alloa Road (A907).

    Open - April to September

    1326: First Scottish Parliament meets at Cambuskenneth Abbey
1369
  • 1369: Plague decimates over 30% of Stirling's population

    Although people did not realize it at the time, ordinary fleas spread the Plague. The fleas were transported by rats that were a common sight in the cities. Living off garbage and sewerage, the rats spread the fleas - and diseases - to man. Ironically, the Plague did not affect the flea: when a rat died the flea just moved on to the next host - be it man or beast. When the flea bit a new host it regurgitated some of the blood in its stomach and thus spread the disease. It is thought that plague spread into Scotland

    Plague earned the nickname 'The Black Death" because of the discoloration of the skin and black tumours which appeared on the second day of contracting the disease. The 'Black Boy' fountain in the centre of Stirling commemorates those who died in the city from this terrible disease.

    Plague continued into the fifteenth century.

    1369: Plague decimates over 30% of Stirling's population
1380
  • 1380: Stirling Castle strengthened

    Fortification work included the construction of the North Gate. along with the possible addition of a drawbridge. The Gate contains the earliest known stonework still standing in the castle, dating back to 1380. It was designed to provide a well defended back door to the main areas of the castle.

    The rooms above the gate have been changed many times in their time. They have held kitchens and later a brewery. It is thought that this was the site of a mint. They now contain a model of Stirling Castle complete with an audio tour.

    Above the North Gate is part of the wall walk leading from the Grand Battery around the north wall to the garden behind the Chapel Royal and King's Old Building. There are wonderful panoramic views from here .

    1380: Stirling Castle strengthened
1425
  • Trial and execution of Murdoch Duke of Albany at Stirling Castle
    Murdoch Stewart, Duke of Albany was a leading Scottish nobleman, the son of Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany and the grandson of King Robert II of Scotland, who founded the Stewart dynasty. In 1389, he became Justiciar North of the Forth. In 1402, he was captured at the Battle of Homildon Hill and would spend 12 years in captivity in England. After his father died in 1420, and while the future King James I of Scotland was himself held captive in England, Stewart served as Governor of Scotland until 1424, when James was finally ransomed and returned to Scotland. However, in 1425, soon after James's coronation, Stewart was arrested, found guilty of treason, and executed, along with two of his sons. His only surviving heir was James the Fat, who escaped to Antrim, Ireland, where he died in 1429. Stewart's wife Isabella of Lennox survived the destruction of her family, and she would live to see the murder of James I and the restoration of her title and estates.
    Trial and execution of Murdoch Duke of Albany at Stirling Castle
1437
  • 1437: Richard II of England dies at Stirling Castle?

    In 1400, Richard was replaced on the throne by Henry IV and was believed to have been murdered. It was rumoured at the time, that he had escaped to Scotland.

    In 1402, the Duke of Albany was holding a man at Stirling Castle who was being treated like a King. This man died in 1419 and he could have been Richard II. The body is recorded as being buried in Black Friars church.

    Dr. Ron Page, a local archeologist, has located the church on a site opposite Stirling railway station.The site is to be redeveloped and Dr. Page is working with council archeologists to locate the site of the high altar where the body was laid. If remains are found, DNA testing would solve a 600 year old mystery.

    1437: Richard II of England dies at Stirling Castle?
  • 1437: James II brought to Stirling Castle for safety

    Soon after the murder of his father at Perth, Queen Joan made plans to move him. She took her leave, tearfully requesting Crichton to look after the boy. Unknown to Crichton she had packed James into a chest and smuggled him out. He was taken to Stirling Castle to Lord Livingstone (the keeper of Stirling Castle).

    Although he was always busy with his wars, his reign was marked by some important social legislation. An act of 1450 guaranteed the position of a tenant whose land passed to another lord. James II was killed at the siege of Roxburgh Castle (near Kelso in the Scottish Borders) when a cannon he was supervising exploded. He was trying to retrieve Roxburgh and Berwick Castles from the English and had raised an army for that purpose. Cannons were introduced in battle for the first time and he was proud of them and was standing too close when one exploded.

    1437: James II brought to Stirling Castle for safety
1496
  • 1496: Royal Chapel built at Stirling Castle

    References of a chapel within Stirling Castle date back to the beginning of the 12th century. Many historians believe, in fact, that there has always been a chapel within the grounds of the castle

    The King's Old Building, built by James IV in 1496 was the first of the royal buildings that still exists today. Beside this is the renovated Royal Chapel also built in the same year.

    The castle's Royal Chapel has been fully restored to its original dazzling elegance. The medieval kitchens have been also recreated, complete with life-size models of cooks preparing banquets of peacocks, roast swan, oysters and pigeon pies, allowing visitors to experience the sights and the smells of 16th-century kitchen life in the castle.

    1496: Royal Chapel built at Stirling Castle
1513
  • Death of James IVth at Flodden Field
    The Battle of Flodden or Flodden Field, or occasionally Battle of Branxton (Brainston Moor), was part of a conflict between the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland. The battle was fought in Branxton in the county of Northumberland in northern England on 9 September 1513, between an invading Scots army under King James IV and an English army commanded by the Earl of Surrey. It was a decisive English victory. In terms of troop numbers, it was the largest battle fought between the two Kingdoms. James IV was killed in the battle, becoming the last monarch from the island of Britain to suffer such a death.

    Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Flodden
    Death of James IVth at Flodden Field
1543
  • 1543: Coronation of Mary Queen of Scots

    Mary was crowned as Queen of Scots in the Royal Chapel at Stirling Castle on September 9 1543. Due to the age of the Queen (she was less tha one year old) and the unique ceremony, the coronation was the talk of Europe.

    On the day of the coronation Mary was dressed in heavy regal robes in miniature. She was carried by Lord Livingston in solemn procession to the Chapel Royal. Mary was brought forward to the altar and put gently in the throne set up there. Then he stood by, holding her to keep her from falling off.

    Lord Livingston quickly answered the Coronation Oath for Mary. Immediately then the Cardinal unfastened her heavy robes and began anointing her with the holy oi. She then began to cry. The Earl of Lennox brought forward the Sceptre and placed it in her baby hand, and she grasped the heavy shaft. Then the Sword of State was presented by the Earl of Argyll, and the Cardinal performed the ceremony of girding the three-foot sword to the tiny body.

    Then, the Earl of Arran carried the Crown. Holding it gently, Cardinal Beaton lowered it onto the child's head, where it rested on a circlet of velvet. The Cardinal steadied the crown and Lord Livingston held her body straight as the Earls of Lennox and Arran kissed her cheek in fealty, followed by the rest of the peers who knelt before her and, placing their hands on her crown, swore allegiance to her.

    1543: Coronation of Mary Queen of Scots
1565
  • 1565: Mary Queen of Scots marries Lord Darnley

    At Holyrood Palace on July 29, 1565, Mary married Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, a descendant of King Henry VII of England and Mary's first cousin. The union infuriated Elizabeth, who felt she should have been asked permission for the marriage to even take place, as Darnley was an English subject. Elizabeth also felt threatened by the marriage, because Mary's and Darnley's Scottish and English royal blood would produce children with extremely strong claims to both Mary's and Elizabeth's thrones.

    This marriage, to a leading Catholic, precipitated Mary's half-brother, the Earl of Moray, to join with other Protestant Lords in open rebellion. Mary set out for Stirling on August 26, 1565 to confront them, and returned to Edinburgh the following month to raise more troops. Moray and the rebellious lords were routed and fled into exile, the decisive military action becoming known as the Chaseabout Raid.

    1565: Mary Queen of Scots marries Lord Darnley
1567
  • 1567: Mary's last visit to Stirling Castle

    Just over 23 years after her coronation, Mary attended James' christening in the same chapel at Stirling Castle. She again visited her son at Stirling Castle on April 24th, 1567, but it would turn out to be the last time she saw both her son and her childhood home.

    Just a few months later, Mary was driven from the throne, forced to abdicate in favor of her infant son and placed in captivity by the Scottish lords. Her husband escaped the country only to be taken prisoner in Denmark.

    1567: Mary's last visit to Stirling Castle
  • 1567: James Stuart was crowned King of Scotland

    James, who was just a year old and although only a baby, he was an important symbol of the Scottish nation, and of the authority of the reformed Church of Scotland.

    Both nation and Kirk faced many threats to their survival. Despite its ancient monarchy, Scotland was a fragile country, ruled in the borders and islands by local chiefs and warlords, and with painful memories of wars with England. The Reformation was still in process, with continuing Roman Catholic opposition, and the Kirk itself was divided over structure and doctrine.

    As James grew up and took on the responsibilities of ruling Scotland, he gradually managed to bring a greater degree of order to the main areas under his authority. By 1589, he was secure enough to leave Scotland temporarily to sail to Denmark for his bride, Queen Anne.

    For more information on James V1 visit the national librabries site

    1567: James Stuart was crowned King of Scotland
1569
  • 1569: Catholic priests chained to the Mercat Cross

    Anti Catholic sentiment in the latter half of the 16th Century resulted in four Catholic priests being publically humiliated in the Mercat Cross in the centre of Stirling. Not only were they chained up but also pelted with dung by an angry mob.

    At this time John Knox was well down the road of creating a Protestant Scotland. He preached hellfire and damnation to Queen Mary of Scotland, and also to Bloody Mary, queen of England. Of him it was said, "Here is one who never feared the face of man."

    1569: Catholic priests chained to the Mercat Cross
1587
  • 1587: Mary Queen of Scots executed

    On 8 February, 1587 Elizabeth I of England signed Mary's death warrant, and she was executed at Fotheringay Castle. The execution did not go well for Mary as the executioner was unable to sever her neck with one blow, and was forced to use a grinding motion on her to complete the task. Buried at Peterborough, in 1612 her body was moved to Henry VII's chapel at Westminster, where it still lies.

    Mary's beauty and personal accomplishments have never been disputed. She spoke or read in six languages, sang well, played various musical instruments, and had a library which included the largest collection of Italian and French poetry in Scotland. The portrayals of her after 1571 largely fall into one of two types: Catholic martyr or papist plotter, making all the more difficult a proper assessment of Mary as Queen of Scots.

    1587: Mary Queen of Scots executed
1608
  • 1608: Prohibition after 10pm

    The town council decided to ban beer from being sold after 10pm. Seemingly, too many people were sitting up 'under cloude of nicht, drinking and playing in other menis and disabusing thame selfis to the offence of God and evil exemple of nychtbouris [neighbours]'.

    Prohibition was never enacted in Britain, but it was promoted by Liberals such as David Lloyd George as well as Methodists. In World War I Britain restricted the amount of alcohol available, taxed it, and drastically reduced the hours of opening for pubs.

    1608: Prohibition after 10pm
1639
  • 1639: John Cowane bequeathes hospital

    Built between 1639 - 49 with funds bequeathed by John Cowane, a wealthy Stirling merchant. Originally offering charity to unsuccessful merchants or 'gildbreithers' and later used as a school and epidemic hospital.

    Originally there were two storeys until the main part of the building was altered in 1852 to form a Guildhall with balcony, gallery and elongated windows in the main hall.

    The statue of John Cowane above the doorway is known as Staneybreeks and there is a rumour that every Hogmanay, he gets down for a dance.

    The building is open to the public-

    April to September

    09.00 - 17.00 Monday to Saturday

    10.00 - 17.00 Sunday

    September to March

    10.00 - 16.00 7 days

    Admission

    Free

    Telephone: 01786 472247

    1639: John Cowane bequeathes hospital
1651
  • Civil War - Siege of Stirling by General Monck
    The Third Civil War » Cromwell in Scotland. Cromwell in Scotland, 1650-1. Following the Scottish defeat at the battle of Dunbar, General David Leslie ... however, Cromwell's subordinates Monck and Deane secured the English ... July 1651, Cromwell advanced towards Stirling.
    Cromwell had only received a few drafts and reinforcements from England, and for the present he could but block up Edinburgh Castle (which surrendered on Christmas Eve), and try to bring up adequate forces and material for the siege of Stirling an attempt which was frustrated by the badness of the roads and the violence of the weather. The rest of the early winter of 1650 was thus occupied in semi-military, semi-political operations between detachments of the English army and certain armed forces of the Kirk party which still maintained a precarious existence in the western Lowlands, and in police work against the moss-troopers of the Border counties. Early in February 1651, still in the midst of terrible weather, Cromwell made another resolute but futile attempt to reach Stirling. This time he himself fell sick, and his losses had to be made good by drafts of recruits from England, many of whom came most unwillingly to serve in the cold wet bivouacs that the newspapers had graphically reported.
    Inverkeithing
    Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Third_English_Civil_War
    Civil War - Siege of Stirling by General Monck
1654
  • 1654: Old Map of Stirling

    Old Map of Stirling - click on the map to see a larger version

    old map

    This is an extract of a map of Stirlingshire dated 1654 by Johannes Blaeu, a cartographer who that year published an Atlas of Scotland. Originals can be found in The National Library of Scotland and the British Library.

    Dominating this detail are the town of Stirling (STARLING), with its bridge over the Forth, and Stirling Castle (STARLING CASTEL), surrounded by its park. A royal burgh from 1124, Stirling was both royal residence and centre of government in the 15th and 16th centuries. Downstream, on the other bank of the river, lies Cambuskenneth Abbey (Camskenetth Abbay). Today only the foundations, gateway and belfry survive of this Augustinian monastery.

    1654: Old Map of Stirling
1659
  • Trial of 12 women for witchcraft in the Tolbooth!
    In 1659 Bessie Stevinson confessed to performing charms and folk cures at the well involving washing the clothes of the sick and transferring the disease to the clothes. She was subsequently tried, found guilty and executed in what was Stirling’s largest ever witch trial, involving another 12 people!
    In the space of two days in March 1659 a dozen women were tried for witchcraft. The charges were nonsense but the consequences were awful. Those found guilty were banished and would be strangled to death if they ever returned. And those who were not convicted would have had their lives ruined – accusations of that sort would stick whatever the judgment.

    Trial of 12 women for witchcraft in the Tolbooth!
1661
  • 1661: James Guthrie hanged for treason

    James Guthrie was a Clergyman who led the resistance to the introduction of the Episcopalian system of church governance. The son of the Laird of Guthrie (Angus), Guthrie was educated at St Andrews University and went on to serve as Professor of Philosophy at New College in that institution. Influenced by Samuel Rutherford (1600-61), Guthrie signed the National Covenant and took a leading role in the protests against the introduction of Bishops into the Church of Scotland by King Charles I. He took charge of a parish at Lauder (1638) and then Stirling (1649) where he spent 11 years.

    Guthrie was arrested in 1660, following the Restoration of King Charles II, and jailed in Edinburgh Castle. He was convicted of treason, hanged, and his head placed on the Netherbow Port, becoming one of the first to be executed for supporting the Covenant.

    Guthrie got that day that which he had so often prayedfor a sudden plunge into everlasting life with all his senses about him and all his graces at their brightest and their keenest exercise.

    1661: James Guthrie hanged for treason
1671
  • 1671: Rob Roy born in at Glengyle, at the head of Loch Katrine.

    It was Robs personality and facility for leadership, at least as much as any linear claim, that earned him respectable holdings in Inversnaid and Graigrostan, and acting chieftanship of Clan Dughaill Ciar. Rob Roy had inherited his mother's pale complexion and red hair, and it is said that he cut a striking figure. He was known as a fair and honest businessman, and was considered the best swordsman in the land. At the time of his dispute with Montrose, he was well-known throughout Scotland, not only by appearance, but by reputation.

    Rob had been doing business with the Marquis of Montrose for ten years, borrowing large amounts of cash from him to facilitate his cattle trade. Rob had a reputation for honesty; the Marquis was known for his greed, and although Montrose had made a lot of money through his investments in MacGregor's trade, he spared no mercy for Rob. When one of Rob's agents absconded with one thousand pounds, a fortune even for a relatively wealthy landowner, Montrose pressed his advantage, hoping to claim Rob's land. After a determined search for the thief, Rob was captured by Montrose, but escaped.

    In 1715, Rob led his clan to battle in support of the Jacobites. He was charged with treason, but again escaped from prison. He lived the rest of his life as an outlaw, taking protection from allies and making narrow escape from enemies.

    Rob Roy died at home at the age of 63. He was buried in the small churchyard in Balquidder.

    1671: Rob Roy born in at Glengyle, at the head of Loch Katrine.
1715
  • 1715: Rob Roy dies

    In 1715, Rob led his clan to battle in support of the Jacobites. He was charged with treason, but again escaped from prison. He lived the rest of his life as an outlaw, taking protection from allies and making narrow escape from enemies.

    Rob Roy died at home at the age of 63. He was buried in the small churchyard in Balquidder.

    1715: Rob Roy dies
  • Battle of Sheriffmuir
    The Battle of Sheriffmuir was an engagement in 1715 at the height of the Jacobite rising in England and Scotland. The battlefield has been included in the Inventory of Historic Battlefields in Scotland and protected by Historic Scotland under the Scottish Historical Environment Policy of 2009. Sheriffmuir was and is a remote elevated plateau of heathland lying between Stirling and Auchterarder on theThe Battle of Sheriffmuir was an engagement in 1715 at the height of the Jacobite rising in England and Scotland.
    Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Sheriffmuir
    Battle of Sheriffmuir
1716
  • Last words of John Knox

    View original Transcription from National Library

    THE LAST WORDS OF JOHN KNOX,

    Who was Shot in the North-Inch of PERTH the 24th of AUGUST 1716, about 7 in the Morning.

    MY Friends and Country-men, being in a Few Minutes to appear before GOD's Tribunal to give Account of the Deeds done in the Body ; and apprehending that those who are to oversee the Execution of the Sentence against me, will not allow me to speak my Mind freely, I leave this Paper to be published after my Death : And in Case it be kept up or destroyed, I have left another Copy with a Gentle-woman in Town, who, I'm confident, will cause publish it, since it is the Desire of a Dying Man.

    With Shame and Sorrow, I acknowledge that I am a great Sinner, and that I have offended GOD in Thought, Word and Deed; yet I Trust there is Mercy for me, as for all other Penitents, thro' the Merits and Mediation of my blessed Saviour. I heartily forgive all my Enemies, as I desire Forgiveance at the Hand of GOD. Tho' the LORD's Prayer is, by many, much neglected, and the Use of it in a great Measure abolished, I cannot but highly esteem it. As to that Part of it which concerns the pardoning of Injuries done to me, I will say it with my Last Breath, and I thank GOD that I can, with all the Sincerity of the World say, That from the Bottom of my Heart I freely forgive all Men as I desire to be forgiven of GOD.

    I bless GOD I suffer for well doing, for asserting the Right of my only, Rightful Soveraign K. JAMES the VIII. and endeavouring to relieve my miserably oppressed Native Country. My Prosecutors tell me, It is for my Desertion of the Camp at Stirling, and they alledge, tho' they have not made, it appear, that I joined the Kings Army, whom they call Rebels ; and that I was with the Duke of MAR in Perth all Winter. My wretched Prison-keeper who is turned so violent on the Usurping-lay, says, He has it from those be calls honest Men : But from him, and all such as he is, good.

    LORD deliver all good Christians.

    Now, to satisfy my Prosecutors and others, I acknowledge I served under the D. of Brunswick for sometime, but with the greatest Reluctancy ; and when Conscience could no longer endure the Violence done to it,I joined the King's Army that went to Preston, where the King's Interest was ruined, and many a brave Man was betrayed out of Life and Fortune; for I think my self bound to tell them, that I reckon there was Treachery as well as Cowar- dice in some who had the chief Command there. I heartily wish all of them may Repent and Amend. It has been said, that some of those who carried on the Union got the Repentance of Judas ; but I heartily Pray that all who are hired to Support the D. of Brunswick on the Throne, denying and re-jecting their true Master and Sovereign may get Peter's Repentance, who denyed his. For I am fully persuaded that till our Natural and Rightful Sovereign is in the settled and peaceable Possession of his just Right, and the Principles of Whiggery, which destroy all Order and Government, are extirpated ; Peace will never flourish in Britain which I pray GOD may forward.

    I am the second Sacrifice in this Place for King JAMES the VIII. I Pray GOD I may be the last, and that of His Infinite Mercy He may put a Stop to the Bloodshed and Murder of these Times.

    Since it is GOD's Will that I am deprived of my Life, I hope to glorify GOD by my Death, which I shall suffer chearfully, since roved away in the 23d Year of my Age for my King and Country.

    I pray GOD may preserve the King, and that He may always Bless him,and all the Endeavours and Enterprises for his Restauration;That God may encrease the Number of his true Subjects, and convert all the Enemies of our King and Country. Being now to recommend my Self to GOD by Prayer, I bid you all Adieu.
    sic Subscribitur, JOHN KNOX.

    Acknowledgement: 'The Trustees of the National Library of Scotland'

    Last words of John Knox
1745
  • 1745: Council surrender to Charles Edward Stuart

    Prince Charles Edward Stuart corossed the Highland Line close to Stirling on his march south. The Town Council surrendered to him quickly. The castle, however, held out until Charles returned north to defeat at the battle of Culloden.

    His troops from the north attempted to climb the Castle rock but were unsuccessful. The medieval parish of St Ninians was blown up by his men while the Governor of the Castle destroyed an arch of Stirling Bridge to impede the Jacobite troops.

    1745: Council surrender to Charles Edward Stuart
  • Jacobites in Stirling
    In 1745 the Jacobites attempted to put Bonnie Prince Charlie on the throne. Stirling was the gateway north and south, Bonnie Prince Charlie wrote to the City asking for its surrender and was duly presented with the key to the city (in the Smith). The Castle refused to surrender, the Jacobites built two cannon emplacements: on Gowan Hill and the other on Lady’s Rock on the 7th and 8th of January. The Gowan Hill one overshot the first time and took the roof off Mars Wark (the ruin at the top of Broad Street) and then the guns in the castle blew them apart! Finally, on the 1st of February the Jacobites gun powder store in St Nininas Kirk blew up and destroyed the it!
    Jacobites in Stirling
1746
  • 1746: Kilt and Tartan banned

    After the failure of the last Jacobite rising in 1746, the kilt and tartan were banned in an attempt to stamp out the culture which was seen by the Hanovarian government as the power base of the House of Stuart.

    The ban, imposed by an Act of Parliament of 1746, was called the Disarming Act or An Act for the more effectual disarming of the Highlands in Scotland and for more effectual securing of peace of the said Highlands; and for restraining the Use of the Highland Dress (19 Geo. II c.39, in Johnston & Robertson, 1899).

    Under the Act, men and boys were forbidden to wear or put on Highland clothes including; the kilt, plaid and no tartan or party-coloured Plaid or stuff was to be use for Great Coats or for Upper Coats. The Act, which came into force on August 1st 1747 did not apply to those men serving as soldiers in Highland Regiments, or to Gentry, the sons of Gentry, or women.

    The proscription of Highland Dress lasted for a period of 36 years before being repealed in 1782, by which time much of the old lore and skills had been lost or discarded as inappropriate to the new politico-economic circumstances in which the Highlanders found themselves.

    1746: Kilt and Tartan banned
  • Siege of Stirling Castle (1746) - Jacobites in Stirling
    In September 1745, during the Jacobite rising of 1745, the advancing Jacobite army of Prince Charles Edward Stuart was heading towards Edinburgh, but in order to get there had to pass by Stirling Castle which was being held by British-Hanoverian forces under the command of Major General William Blakeney.[1] On 14 September the Jacobites squeezed through the space between the extremity of the Touch Hills and the castle rock, bringing them within range of Blakeney’s artillery. Blakeney opened fire at the Jacobite’s white flag hoping to hit the Chevalier (Stuart) himself, but the bullet landed about twenty yards from him. He fired four times but without success, the cannon being only a 6-pounder and at a distance of a mile and a half. The people of Stirling then emerged to watch the Jacobites pass through St. Ninians on the far side of the narrows. The Prince and the Jacobites had at that time no intention of conflict with the Red coats in Stirling Castle and instead had their sights set firmly on Edinburgh.

    By 26 December 1745 Prince Charles's army were in Glasgow and they departed from there on 3 January 1746. Charles and his army arrived in the neighbourhood of Stirling on 4 January with Charles making his headquarters at Bannockburn House which was the seat of Sir Hugh Paterson, and where he also was able make a closer acquaintance with Paterson’s niece Clementina Walkinshaw. Charles's military priority was now to seize Stirling Castle which commanded the high-arched Stirling Bridge which was the lowest permanent crossing of the River Forth. A British-Hanoverian commander, James Ray, stated that by capturing Stirling Castle, firstly it would give the Jacobites a reputation abroad as it is a famous place, secondly that if they could have also fortified Perth then it might have secured them the country for the winter and thirdly that it would have afforded them the means of maintaining themselves along the coasts, which would have facilitated their supplies from abroad.

    The regular garrison of Stirling had actually been reduced to bolster the forces at Edinburgh. However Major General William Blakeney could call on the service of the remaining regulars, 320 (eight companies) of militia, his Volunteer Battalion of 200 men and a number of armed townsmen. The castle was strong both by its nature and also thanks to a recent programme of re-fortification. The Jacobites would need a heavy cannon to crack it open and their French allies had landed a consignment of such artillery at Montrose, including two 18-pounders, two 12-pounders and two 9-pounders, which Lord John Drummond was bringing from the north-east.

    The town of Stirling surrendered to the Jacobites on 8 January 1746 and this freed the expert gunner Colonel James Grant to bring three 4-pounders to bear on Stirling Castle. On 16 January Prince Charles Edward Stuart left the regiments of Perth and John Roy Stuart and most of the Royal Ecossais at Stirling to maintain the siege against the castle, while he and the rest of the Jacobite army headed south-east of Stirling on Plean Muir, towards what would be a significant Jacobite victory at the Battle of Falkirk (1746).
    Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Stirling_Castle_(1746)
    Siege of Stirling Castle (1746) - Jacobites in Stirling
  • Explosion at St Ninians Church
    The tower is all that remains of the original church which was destroyed by an explosion in 1746. The Jacobite army had been storing gunpowder in it and this exploded. The story is that this was deliberate but the others suggests that it was accidental. In the late 20th century the structure became unsafe and the burial ground was locked, but retoration work now permits closer access again.
    For more information see https://www.warmemorialsonline.org.uk/memorial/205805/
    Explosion at St Ninians Church
1787
  • 1787: Robert Burns pays his first visit to Stirling

    Burns paid his first visit to Stirling on his way to Inverness. He arrived on the evening of Sunday, 26th August 1787.

    On the Sunday night, Burns wrote to Robert Muir, describing his day's travelling:

    '... just now, from Stirling Castle, I have seen by the setting sun the glorious prospect of the windings of Forth through the rich carse of Stirling, and skirting the equally rich carse of Falkirk.''

    The then ruined state of the former home of Scotland's kings aroused Burns's Jacobitism, and with a diamond pen he had recently acquired, he is said to have scrawled on the window of his room:

    "Here Stewarts once in triumph reigned,

    And laws for Scotland's weal ordained;

    But now unroofed their palace stands,

    Their sceptre's swayed by other hands;

    Fallen, indeed, and to the earth

    Whence grovelling reptiles take their birth,

    The injured Stewart line is gone.

    A race outlandish fills their throne;

    An idiot race, to honour lost;

    Who knows them best despite them most."

    Burns visited Stirling again, in company with Adair, in October. Adair later recounted to Dr Currie: 'At Stirling the prospects from the Castle strongly interested him; in a former visit to which, his national feelings had been powerfully excited by the ruinous and roofless state of the hall in which the Scottish parliaments had been frequently been held. His indignation had vented itself in some imprudent, but not unpoetical, lines, which had given much offence, and which he took this opportunity of erasing by breaking the pane of window at the inn in which they were written.

    A statue of Burns by Albert H. Hodge was put up in Stirling in 1914.

    1787: Robert Burns pays his first visit to Stirling
1798
  • Robertson and Murray hanged for theft

    View original Transcription from National Library

    A Full and particular account of the trials before the Circuit Court of Justiciary,. which was opened at Glasgow on Satur-day the 8th of September 1798, with the sentence of the different criminals.

    Also, an account of the trial and sentence of Robertson and Murray, who have received sentence to be hanged at Stirling on Friday the 12th of October next.

    On Saturday the 8th day of September 1798, the Circuit Court of Justiciary, was opened at Glasgow by the Honourable the Lords Eskgrove and Methven.The Court met about half after ten o'clock, and after a suitable prayer by the Reverend Mr. Lochart one of the Ministersof Glasgow, and the Sheriffs of Lanark, Renfrew, and Dumbarton Shires ; being called upon and appearing, the court being duly constitute

    There was a weaver in the Shaws, and a Calico printer about Barhead called upon three times in court and over the Stairhead, and sailing to appear the sentence of outlawery was pronounced against them and their bond of cautionary declared to be forfeited, &c.

    Afterwards Athol Moon corporal in the Scots Royals, was put to the barr, and the Jury being sworn in, his Indictment was read by the clerkof Court. Accusing him of the murder of James Gray weaver in Calton of Glasgow, on the night of the 27th of February last, and being askedby the court if he was guilty or not he pleaded not guilty the court then passed an interlocutor finding the libel relevent to infer the pains oflaw, and remitted the pannel to the knowledgeof an assize, but allowed him to prove all facts that might tend to exculpate or alleviate his crime.The court then.proceeded to the examination of witnesses, which continued till about two o'- clock afternoon, when the Advocate depute for the crown summed up the evidence, as did Mr. Dickson Advocate for the pannel; Lord Efkgrove gave a charge to the Jury, when they were ordered to enclose and return their verdict on Monday at nine o'clock to which time the court adjourned.

    On Monday the court met according to adjournment when Athol Moon was brought to the bar, and the Jury being called over, returned their verdict finding by a plurality, the said Athol Moon guilty of Culpable Homocide, on which he received sentence, To be detained in Glasgow' jail for the space of three months, and thereafter to be set at liberty in order to join his regiment.

    Next was brought to the bar, William Dron, Indicted and accused of breaking a Bleachfield near Bridgetown in the neighbourhood of Glasgow of a great Quantity of various articles, and at last of being detected in the act, and the Indictment being read over he pleaded not guilty, but befere the court proceeded, he gave in a petition to their Lordships, praying, that as his character was broke in this country, that he might be admitted to banishment from Scotland for such a time and under such restrictions as their Lordships should think proper, to which the Advocate depute consented, and in the mean time, he was sent back to prison.

    Afterwards Solomon Williams was brought to the bar, accused of the murder of James Sommervill cow-feeder in Glasgow and the Indict- ment being read over, he pleaded not guilty, but their Lordships passed an interlocutor, finding the libel relevent to infer the pains of law, but allowing the pannel to prove all facts in the exculpation, or alleviation of his crime; The court then proceeded to the examination of witnesses; The proof being closed, the Advocate depute for the crown summed up the evidence, as did Mr. Millar for the pannel, when Lord. Methven gave a charge to the Jury, when they were ordered to be enclosed, and to return their verdict as soon as they were ready, and the court would continue sitting till they returned.

    In the mean time William Dron was brought to the bar, and received sentence to be confined in Glasgow Jail until the 2Oth of October next and then to be set at liberty in order to banish. himself from Scotland for the space of fourteen, years, with certification if he returns during that period, he is to be transmitted to Glasgow, and publickly whipped through the streets of that city the next market day, and this so often as he returns, unless he be in his Majesty's Service.

    The Jury having returned, gave in their verdict against Solomon Williams all in one voice finding him guilty of Culpable Homicide; which he received sentence to be confined in Glasgow Jail for the space of three months, and then to be set at liberty on his finding security for his good behaviour for the space of two years under the penalty of 300 merks Scots. This end the Eyre in Glasgow.

    The Circuit Court of Justiciary was opened at Stirling by Lord Methven on Tuesday the 4th of September 1798, when they proceeded to the trial of Joice Robertson and one Murray, accused of being art and part in various E&S of theft and robberies, and being habite asd repute thieves and robbers. Their trial continued till about five o'clock at night, when the Jury were inclosed and ordered to return their verdict on. Wednesday at nine o'clock to which time the court adjourned. The court met on Wednesday morning according to appointment, when Robertson and Murray were put to the bar, the Jury gave in their verdict finding both the pannels guilty of the crimes charged, Lord Methven then passed sentence, ordering them both to be hanged at the common place of execution in Stirling OB Friday the l2th of October next.

    Acknowledgement: 'The Trustees of the National Library of Scotland'

    Robertson and Murray hanged for theft
1811
  • Shop Breakin

    View original Transcription from National Library

    An account of the Trial of ROBERT BROWN ANDERSON, and JAMES MENZIES, alias ROBERTSON, before the Circuit Court of Justiciary at Stirling, for Shop-breaking and Theft, at Grahamstown, near Falkirk, who were sentenced is be executed at Stirling, on. Friday the 11th of October, 1811.

    STIRLING, SEPTEMBER 9,

    THE Circuit Court of Justiciary was opened here on Saturday last, by the Right Honourable Lord Hermand. Robert Cochnan, lawyer in Alloa, indicted for forging and vitiating documents of debt, was outlawed for not appearing.

    The Court then proceeded to the trial of Robert Brown Anderson, and James Menzies, or Robertson, prisoners in Stirling jail, accused of breaking into the shop of James Suffell, merchant in Grahamston, near Falkirk on the night of Saturday the 23rd of February last, and stealing there from a cask of brandy, two chests of tea, a drawer containing copper coin, and a loaf of sugar

    John Burns, changekeeper in .Falkirk, Elizabeth Williams, his wife, and Alexander Logan, changekeeper in Denny, were included in the same indictment, for resetting the said goods, knowing the same to have been stolen. The trial lasted till Sunday morning; and this day the Jury returned a verdict, by a plurality of voices finding the libel proven against Anderson and Menzies,but recommended them to mercy. Unanimously finding Burns and his wife Guilty; and by a plurality of voices Not Proven against Logan. Anderson and Menzies were sentenced to be executed here on the 11th of October next. Burns and his wife to be transported for 14 years, and Logan was assoilzied and dismissed from the bar.

    The Court were next occupied with the trial of Thomas Coventry, for the forgery of a bill of L.30. At the conclusion of the evidence, the Advocate-Depute restricted the libel to an arbitrary punishment, and the Jury returned a verdict, finding the libel Proven. He received sentence of transportation for seven years.

    AYR, SEPTEMBER 12.

    The Circuit Court of Justiciary was opened here, on Friday, by the Right Honourable Lord Justice Clerk and Lord Armadale.

    The Court were occupied during the greater part of that day with the trial of Alexander Kerr, sen. and Alexander Ker, jun. Archibald Cook, James Nichol, and John Murphy, indicted for the crimes of assaulting and deforcing certain of the Ayr Customhouse Officers.

    The general facts libelled were distinctly sworn to by James Campbell, tidewaiter, as affecting all the prisoners, and by John Taylor, tidewaiter, as affecting three of them, with the addition of the specific facts committed by Archibald Cook and Alexander Kerjun in knocking him down, and kicking and trampling on him. The evidence on the part of the prosecution being closed, and some exculpatory witnesses examined, William Boswell, Esq. Advocate-Depute, addressed the Jury in a short energetic speech, in which he maintained that it was abundantly clear that all the pannels had been engaged in the smuggle, and that three of them had been guilty of the assault and deforcementand by James Ferguson, Esq. senior Counsel for the prisoners, who employed much ingenuity in endeavouring; to show, that the evidence had completely failed, inresect to Alexander Ker, Jnr and John Murphy, and that it was defective in as far as it related to the identifying of the other three. After which his Lordship shortly summed up the evidence, and stated that it came completely home to the pannels Alex. Ker, Jnr. Archibald Cook, and James Nichol. The Jury returned a verdict on Saturday morning of Guilty against the said Alex. Ker, Jnr. Archd. Cook, and James Nichol, and of Not Proven in the case of Alex. Ker,. and John Murphy, upon which these two last were dismissed from the Bar, with a suitable admonition from the Lord Justice Clerk, who pointed out to them in forcible language the illegality of smuggling, with respect to the revenue and the fair trader, the guilt to which it frequently led, and the dangerous consequences with which it was often followed.

    Alex. Ker, Jnr. Archd. Cook, and James Nichol, were sentenced to fix months' Imprisonment, and to seven years' banishment from Scotland.

    Afterwards John Armstrong, sometime sailor on board the Helena, of Workington, was brought to the Bar, accused of the crime of Rape; but no evidence having been adduced to identify his person, during the commission of the crime, the Jury returned a verdict, finding the libel Not Proven; and he was, therefore, dismissed from the Bar, after a most feeling and impressive admonition from Lord Armadale.

    The Public Prosecutor not considering himself justified in proceeding with the trial of John Grafs, indicted for Murder, on account of the absence of some material witnesses, deserted the diet pro loco et tempore.

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    Shop Breakin
1812
  • Execution of Alexander Cain

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    An account of the Trial of Alexander Cain, alias O'Kane, before the High Court of Justiciary, Edinburgh, for wounding severely on the head, and other parts of the body, Archibald Stewart, Cattle-dealer, while in Stirling, and robbing him of One Thousand and Ten Pounds sterling.who was found guilty, and sentenced to be hanged, at Stirling, on Friday the 21 st of February, 1812.

    On Monday the 13th of January, 1812, came on, before the High Court of Justiciary, Edinburgh, the trial of Alexander Cain, alias O'Kane, accused of having, on the evening of the 11th of October, {the day on which Anderson and Menzies were executed at Stirling, for robbery) with one or more persons, attacked, in the town of Stirling, Archibald Stewart, cattle-dealer in Dalspidle, who had just arrived from Falkirk Tryst, where he had received a sum of money; and of having struck and wounded him severely on the head and other parts of the body, to the effusion of his blood, and loss of his senses for the time, and of robbing him of one thousand and ten pounds sterling, chiefly in notes of the Falkirk Bank Company.

    The Jury being sworn in, the witnesses for the Crown were then examined. Sir.Thomas Kirkpatrick, Bart. Sheriff-Depute of the shire of Dumfries, swore, that the notes of the Falkirk Banking Company, exhibited, were taken from the person of the prisoner, in a small public- house in the town of Dumfries; some of them were concealed near the waistband of his breeches; and also, two twenty-pound notes,which he endeavoured to conceal in his hand, while they were searching him; and several others were found concealed in the chimney of the room where he was.

    Archibald Stewart, cattle-dealer, Dalspidle, not being able accurately to understand the English language, Mr. M'Intyre, a gentleman accidentally in Court, who understood Gaelic, being sworn, acted as interpreter:Received L.9oo from Duncan Cameron, in October last, L.770 in Mrs. M 'Kenzie's tent, and L.7O in M'Nab's house in Larbert, all in Falkirk twenty-pound notes and five-pound notes; tied them up all together; he received, besides, two drafts from Duncan Cameron, for L.200 each, and a missive letter for another L.200; he left Larbert, and arrived in Stirling about Dusk, but could not say exactly about what hour; he put up at Henry Abercrombie's, St. Mary's Wynd; dined there, and afterwards went out by himself to see his horse sorted; his money was in his waistcoat inside pocket, and the drafts,- wrapped up in leather in his coat pocket. Some other cattle-dealers were also at Abercrombie's, and they having gone to the bank to transact some business, after he had looked at his horse he went to see and meet them; but not having met them, he went into a house and had a dram; a woman was in company; she merely tasted with him, they had no conversation. On his return, while at an entry at the end of Abercrombie's house, saw two or three men coming towards him; received a severe blow on the crown of the head, which stunned him; recollects the men taking the money from him; one had his hand on his mouth, another a hand on his neck, while the third said "lay to him;" he thought he felt the man's hand tremble while taking the money; does not recollect the appearance of the men, it being dark, and he stupisied by the blows, but thinks one of them was a tall man. It was a considerable time before he could find Abercrombie's house; he went in, much cut and bruised; got a Surgeon, and was consined some days. Same night his leather parcel, containing the drafts, was found by the Crieff post-boy, and the following day he received it from Mr. Abercrombie; had been tasting during the day, but was not intoxicated; it was the day two men were ex-ecuted for theft at Stirling.

    Some witnesses proved Stewart's getting, at the Falkirk Market, on the 11th, the notes which were afterwards found in the prisoner's posession.

    Several witnesses were examined, who proved that they saw the prisoner lurking about Stirling the day the robbery was committed-that they saw 201. notes in his custody, and endeavoured to have him seized, when he made his escape, and took the road towards Dumfries.

    Daniel Freer, cowfeeder at Lochrin, deponed, that he met the prisoner on a Sunday in Oct. as he was going to church in the afternoon, who asked the way to Dumfries; said he would point it out if he would come with him, as he was going to the church; prisoner told him he had been in bad company, and had slept with a girl the night before, who had robbed him of 449 guineas,, observing, " You will perhaps think that a great sum for a man like me to have, but I have a great deal more;" and on this pulled out a large bundle of notes from his breeches, and counted 700l. of large notes of the Falkirk Bank. Witness, not liking his company, after drinking share of a gill, left him.

    Samuel Gibson, serjeant of the police guard, Dumfries. He apprehended the prisoner. Prisoner said, if he would call on him next day he wished to see him by himself; he did so, when the prisoner said he wished he had given him 100 guineas the day he took him to have let him make his escape; that if there was no other person with him, he was certain, from his kindness to him, he would. Witness replied, he might or he might not in that case, but that now it was impossible, as there was another man behind him. Prisoner said" I think I could trust you with a secret; if you would keep it, it would make you up for life, and save me." Asked witness if he would swear on a book, as was the manner in his country; witness went out and told this conversation to the jailer, who advised him to do nothing against his conscience; on which he returned and told the prisoner that it was not the custom to give books to two together in jail, but only to allow one to a prisoner alone, to amuse himself. He said, it was no matter, if witness would hold , up-his hand and swear, he might have L.400, all in L.5O notes, in half an hour; that there was no danger, as he might keep the money till the noise was over, and then pass the notes one by one.--Asked him, if it was part of the money robbed from the man at Stirling; on which he put his hand on witness's breast, and. said, " Don'tdon't ask that question; you shall have an equal share, which will come at L.140" Witness answeredhe would try to convey the money to him, But would take no share. He immediately went to Provest Staig, and informed him of what had passed. Sir T. Kirkpatrick was in consequence sent for, and the prisoner's room fearched, when a parcel, containing about L.340 in Falkirk L.5 bank notes, was found concealed in the chimney. Saw the prisoner searched, when the pocket-book and L.20 Falkirk bank notes were taken from him.

    The evidence being finished, the jury were inclosed about half past eleven night,and next day returned their verdict,all in one voice finding the prisoner Guilty. After a suitable admonition from the Lord Justice Clerk, he was sentenced to be hanged at Stirling, on Friday the 21st Feb, next.

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    Execution of Alexander Cain
1818
  • Forged Guinea Notes

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    As Account of the Trial and Sentence of MARGARET KENNEDY, who was Tried before the Circuit Court of Justiciary, at Glasgow, on Thursday last, the 1st of October 1818, and Condemned to be Executed there, on Wednesday the 4th of November next, for passing Forged Guinea Notes of the Stirling Banking Company, knowing them to be such.

    AT Glasgow, on Thursday the 1st October, the Circuit Court of Justi- ciary proceeded to the Trial of MARGARET KENNEDY, accused of passing forged Guinea Notes of the Stirling Banking Company, on the 23d of June last, in the Shops of John Clark, victualler, 85, Stqckwell; William Thomson, ditto, ditto ; James Cuthbert, spirit dealer, Bridge-gate ; Stewart Mitchell, tobacconist, 47, King Street; and Alexander Morison, grocer, ditto ; where she was detected, and, being shortly thereafter apprehended, did privily drop two others of the said forged notes ; and there was found upon her per- son five genuine bank notes of One Pound each, and some silver and copper. Her purchases in these shops were generally below the value of a shilling, that she might the more readily obtain change; by getting a One Pound Note and the small purchase for her forged Guinea Note. The Pannel pleaded Not Guilty.

    Ebenezer Connal has been twelve years acting as clerk to the Stirling Bank at Stirling ; the notes of the Company are payable to witness, and his name is always written on the notes by himself. Mr Eadie, late cashier, also, while he was cashier, put his name to the notes. James M'Ewan, who enters them, put his name to them likewise; seven of the notes described in the indictment were shown to the witness, who swore that all of them were cast from a forged plate, and that all the names on them were also fabricated. John Telford, the present cashier, corroborated the above evidence. James Eadie, re- siding in Stirling, was cashier to the Stirling Bank for six years prior to Mar- tinmas last. He corroborated the evidence of Messrs Connal and Telford as to the forgery of the notes, and added, that the Bank had no notes bearing the dates or numbers of those exhibited.

    Margaret Thomson, wife of William Thomson, victualler, Stockwell, recol- lects the prisoner coming into her shop on a Tuesday in June last, to purchase ed worth of oat-meal cakes. She tendered a guinea note of the Stirling Bank. Alexander Brownlie and Duncan Morison were in the shop at the time, and the witness gave the note to Brownlie, who suspected it to be bad, and the prisoner exclaimed, " What, have they given my husband a bad note payment of his wages ?'The pannel did not appear at all alarmed when Brownlie asserted the note was forged, but appeared perfectly calm. Brown- lie, however, on consulting with Morison, changed the note, and put it into is pocket. Alex. Brownlie, College Street, and D. Morison, collector of dues at the Old Bridge, corroborated the testimony of the preceding witness, in re- lation to the vending the forged note in Thomson's shop in June last, and identified the woman. Brownlie put his initials on the note, which he lodged a the Police Office, and the note now produced is the same.

    Catharine Cuthbert, keeper of her brother's spirit cellar, Bridgegate street, remembers three women last summer coming to the shop for spirits; the pri- soner called for the spirits, and tendered a guinea note of the Stirling Bank, when witness gave her a pound note in change ; was suspicious of the note, and shewed it to a gentleman next door, who said there were no bad ones go- ing, and it was a good one; he came back about eight o'clock asking if she had kept the note, for he had heard there was a woman apprehended on suspicion, and carried to the Police Office ; she went there, took the note with her, and saw the prisoner ; wrote her name on the back of it, and is perfectly sure the note she got from the pannel is the same she put her name on, and that now shown in Court is the same.

    D. Fraser, police-officer, apprehended the pri- soner, in June in Morison's shop, King street, uttering forged notes ; there were two guinea notes of the Stirling Bank at her feet, and five genuine notes found in her breast; put his initials on the notes in the Police Office, and those now shown him are the same.---- D. Naismith, son of D. Naismith, victual- ler, King street, and D. Cameron, police serjeant, corroborated this evidence.

    The prisoner's declaration was then read, that she was 22 years of age, and that she had got the notes from some Irishmen, near St Ninian's, to whom she sold smuggled Highland whisky, and had a still going at the time she was ta- ken ; her husband died about two years ago, and she has had no fixed place of residence since; that she came to Glasgow on private business with a cler- gyman, and on purpose to purchase a still, &c. The Depute-Advocate addressed the Jury for the Crown, and Mr Grahame for the Prisoner. Lord Gillies summed up the evidence, and directed the at- tention of the Jury to the great body of legal proof adduced against the Pri- soner, which he thought perfectly sufficient to warrant them to bring in a verdict of guilty. The Jury returned a verdict, all in one voice, finding the pan- nel Guilty of uttering the two forged notes specified in the 2d and 3d charges, knowing them to be forged ; but, on account of her want of education and general ignorance, unanimously recommended her to mercy. After which, she was sentenced to be Executed on Wednesday the 4th November; the un- fortunate woman was much agitated, and wept bitterly on hearing her sentence.

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    Forged Guinea Notes
1819
  • 1819: Key Pattern Book of Tartan

    Many books on Tartan and the kilt suggest that these are the actual patterns worn by the Scottish clans throughout history up to, and including, the Battle of Culloden in 1746. However this is not the case. The majority of the pre-1850 patterns bearing clan names can only be traced back to the early 19th century and to the famous weaving firm of William Wilson & Sons of Bannockburn, near Stirling.

    William Wilson started his family business south of the Highland boundary in Bannockburn on the outskirts of Stirling where, being unaffected by the Act, he was able to flourish. He quickly cornered the growing market for tartan in southern Scotland and elsewhere, and especially for the lucrative supply of cloth to the military and the increasing number of Highland Regiments. The need for mass cloth production to meet large orders such as the military, led to a requirement for standard colours and patterns in order to maintain quality control. These standardised colours and patterns devised by Wilsons were certainly in use by them by the 1780's and their range continued to grow with the increase in the demand for tartan; a trend which continued throughout the 19th century. By the time the first aniline dye was introduced in 1856 the use of standard colours and colour terminology had been practised by Wilsons for over seventy years and was firmly established. Wilsons started to name some of their patterns after towns and districts in the latter half of the 18th century. Towards the end of the century the use of family names for tartans becomes apparent and this practice increased over the next fifty years and in 1819 they complied their in house reference manual the 1819 Key Pattern Book.

    1819: Key Pattern Book of Tartan
1820
  • Letters before execution

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    Copy of Two LETTERS from the late ANDREW HARDIE, the former written to his Uncle, dated, Stirling Castle, 5th September, and the latter to his Sweetheart the night preceding his Execution, dated 7th Sept. 1820.

    My Dear. Relations,

    I now write you my long and last farewell letter, as I am in a short time to fall a victim beneath the stroke of the tyrant, for seekingthose rights for which our forefathers bled, and for which I shall lay down my life without the least reluctance, knowing it is for the cause of truth and justice. I have wronged no personI have hurt no personand formerly been of an easy temper. I bless God, who has thehearts of every man in his hand, that it never entered into mine to hurt any of my fellow-creatures. No person could have induced me to cake up arms in the same manner to rob or plunder.

    No, my dear friends, I took them for the good of my suffering country; and although we were outwitted, yet I protest, as a dyingman, that it was with a good intention on my part. But, dear friends, it becomes me, as a dying man, to look over all these matters, which,bless God, I can do with pleasure. If I can not forgive my enemies, or those who have injured me, how can I expect my blessed Saviour to make intercession for me, who so freely forgave his enemies-even when expiring on the cross he prayed, " Father, forgive them, they for know not what they do," I could take.she greatest enemy I have into my bosom, even the

    Yes, my dear friends, my earnest prayer is that God may forgive him. My dear friends, I hope you will put yourselves to as little concern as possible. It becomes us to submit ourselves to the will of God, and to every dispensation of his providence. He often sees the most painful trial necessaryhe is infinitely purehe Can do nothing wronghe chastiseth whom he lovethand I earnestly hope and pray he will sanctify this gracious dispensation of his providence to one and all of us, which is the earnest prayer of your unfortunate nephew while on earth. ANDREW HARDIE.

    Stirling Castle, 5th Sept. 1820.

    My Dear and Loving Margaret,

    BEFORE this arrives to your, hand, I will be made immortal, and will, I trust, be singing praises to God" and the Holy Lamb, amongst the spirits of just men, made perfect through the atoning blood of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, whose all-sufficient merit is infinitely unbounded for all the sins of a sinful world, and he is able and willing to save to the utter most all those that are enabled to come to him by faith in his blood. What consolation does this render unto me, who, while writing this, is within a few short hours of launching into eternity, where I am not afraid to enter, although a poor, unworthy, and miserable sinner, and not worthy of the least of his notice, yet I trust he will put upon me his unspotted robe of righteousness, and present my poor and unworthy soul to his father, redeemed with his most precious blood. Think, my dear Margaret, on the goodness of Almighty God to me in my last arid closing period of my life. O think on it, and draw consolation from that source from which I obtained it, and from whence consolation and real fortitude can be obtained. Could you have thought that I was sufficient to stand such a stroke, which at once burst upon me like an earthquake, and buried all my vain earthly hopes beneath its ruins, and at once left me a poor shipwrecked mariner onthis bleak shore, and separated from the world and thee, in whom all my hopes were centered. But, alas ! how vain are all the earthly hopes ofus weak-sighted mortals ? How soon are they all buried in oblivion ?

    My dear Margaret,

    Put yourself to no concern about me. O may that good and gracious God, who has supported me so peculiarly, support you also in every dispensation of his providence that he is pleased to visit you with. O that he may send his ministering angels, and soothe you with the balm of comfort. O may they approach the beauteous mourner, and tell you that your love lives triumphantly, lives though condemned, lives to a nobler life !

    My dear Margaret,

    I hope that you will not take it for a dishonour that your unfortunate lover died for his distressed and suffering country. No, my dear Margaret, I know you are possessed of nobler ideas than that, and well do I know that no person of feeling or humanity will insult you with it. I have every reason to believe that it will be the contrary. I shall die firm to the' cause which I took up arms to defend; and, although we were outwitted and betrayed, yet I protest, as a dying man, that it was done with a good intention on my part. But you know my sentiments on that subject long before I was taken prisoner. No person could have induced me to take up arms to rob or plunder. No, my dear Margaret, I took them up But, my dear Margaret, this is not a very pleasant subject to you. I will leave it, and direct your attention to matters of more importanceto the one thing needful. Recollect, my dear Margaret, that we are one and all of us lost and miserable sinners, and that you have, as well as me to stand before a just and good God, who is infinite and pure, and that he can- not look upon the least sin but with the utmost abhorrence, and that it is only through the blood of a crucified Saviour that we can expect mercy at his just and most awful tribunal.

    My dear Margaret, I will be under the necessity of laying; down my pen, as this will have to go out immediately.

    O may God's grace your life direct,

    From evil guard your way,

    And in temptation's fatal path,

    Permit you not to stray.

    You will give my dying love to your father and mother, James and Agnes, Mrs Connell, and Jean Buchanan, and I exhort you all to a close walk with God, through our blessed Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ; and, when you have fulfilled a course of life agreeable to his word, that we may be united together in the mansions of peace, where there is no sorrow.

    Farewell, farewell, a long farewell to you, and all worldly cares, for I have done with them ! I hope you will frequently call on my distressed and afflicted mother. At the expence of some tears, I have destroyed your letters. Again farewell, my dear Margaret ! May God attend you still, and all your soul with consolation fill, is the sincere prayer of your affectionate lover while on earth, ANDREW HARDIE.

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    Letters before execution
  • State Trials

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    A particular Account of the proceedings on the State Trials, which commenced at Stirling on the 13th July, 1820.

    The Lords Commissioners appointed by the Special Commission of Oyer and Terminer, For Trying all Treasons and Misprisons of Treason, committed within the counties of Stirling, Lanark, Dumbarton, Renfrew, and Ayr, opened their proceedings here on Thursday morning. The following were the Lords CommissionersThe Lord President, Lord justice Clerk, Lord Chief Baron, Lord Chief Commissioner of the Jury Court, Lord Hermand, Lord Gillies, Lord Pitmilly, Lord Succoth, and Lord Meadowbank. John Hullock, Esq. Serjeant at Law, assisted at the trials, and Mr.Thomas George Knapp, Clerk to this Arraigns of the Home Circuit In England, acted as Clerk to the Arraiges.

    The Court was opened about nine o'clock, and in a few minutes was crowded with people. The Lord President then addressed the Court, after which the following persons were called to the bar:

    John Baird, weaver at Condorrat.
    Thomas M'Calloch, stocking-weaver in Glasgow.
    Andrew Hardie, weaver there
    John Barr, weaver in Condorrat
    William Smith, we ver there.
    Benjamen Moir, labourer in Glasgow.
    Allan Murchy, blacksmith there
    Alexander Latier or Latimer, weaver there.
    Alexander Johnston_ weaver there.
    Andrew White, bookbinder there.
    David Thomson, weaver there;
    James Wright, tailor there
    William Clackson or Clarkson, shoemaker there,
    Thomas Pike or Ponk, muslin-singer there.
    Robert Gray, weaver there.
    James Cleland, smith there.
    Alexander Hart, cabinet-maker there, and
    Thomas M Fatlane, weaver at Condorrat.

    The indictment having been read over, (charging them with treason in four diffrent counts) the prisoners severally pleaded Not Guilty. Hardie's trial was first proceeded in.

    Mr. Jeffrey, in a very long speech, insisted that Mr.Serjeant Hullock was not entitled to plead before the Court, he being an English barrister. The objection was repelled.

    The Lord Advocate then addressed the Jury, laying down the law of High Treason. The evidence went to connect the Bonnymuir business with the proposed

    Radical insurrection in the West of Scotland, Hardie, having violently resisted a Magistrate in Glasgow, who wished to take down one of the posted Radical proclamations of the 1st of April. The evidence afterwards traced him, with about 24. more armed men, on their march from Glasgow to Castlecarry, where they got refreshment, and took a formal receipt for the reckoning, arid from thence to Bonnymuir.

    Mr. Jeffrey, for the Pannel, addressed the Court at great length; he admitted that the pannel was found in arms in a skirmish with the King's troops at Bonnymuir, but denied that this constituted the crime of high treason. The Solicitor General replied.

    At one o'clock on Friday, the Jury retired for 10 minutes, when they returned their verdict, finding him Guilty on the 1st count, for levying war; and also on the 4th, for compassing to levying war against the King in order to compel him to change his measures.

    Friday, the Court again met at 10 o'clock, and proceeded to the trial of Join Baird, the leader at the battle of Bonnymuir. He is stout smart looking little man. Witnesses were called for the purpose of proving that the prisoner was one of the persons concerned in the treasonable proceedings. The whole of prisoners, with the exception of Hardy, who was tried yesterday, were at the bar. Saturday morning at two o'clock, the jury returned a verdict of Guilty on a 2nd count, for levying war.

    Upon James Clelland being put to the bar, Mr Jeffrey as counsel for the prisoners, he had advised them that if they were really conscious of the guilt charged against them; their wisest course would be to retract their plea of Not Guiltuy, and acknowledge their guilt in open court, and he believed thry were now ready to withdraw that plea.

    Lord President Hope stated that there was no discretion on the part of the Court, and we can do nothing upon the plea of Guilty, but pronounce upon them the same judgment that we pronounce upon those prisoners who have been tried and regularly convicted. They must trust to the mercy and clemency of the Crown.

    The remainder of the prisoners then pled Guilty and the Court adjourned to the 31st current.

    Printed for John Muir.

    Acknowledgement: 'The Trustees of the National Library of Scotland'

    State Trials
  • High Treason

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    The following is a particular Account of the trial and Sentence .

    The Bonnymuir Prisoners,

    FOR HIGH TREASON.

    STIRLING, July 13th, 1820.

    This morning, at nine o'clock, the Court (consisting of the Lord President, the Lord Justice Clerk, Lords Hermand and Gillies, Mr Serjeant Hullock, the Lord Chief Commissioner, the Lord Advocate, and a great number of other Advocates) met, and proceeded to the trial of the following persons, accused of High Treason:

    John Baird, weaver in Condorrat.
    Thomas M'Culloch, stocking-weaver in Glasgow.
    Andrew Hardie, weaver there.
    John Barr, weaver in Condorrat.
    William Smith, weaver there.
    Benjamin Moir, labourer in. Glasgow.
    Allan Murchie, blacksmith there.
    Alexander Latimer, otherwise Lettimer,weaver there.
    Alexander Johnson, weaver there.
    Andrew White, bookbinder there.
    David Thomson, weaver there.
    James Wright, tailor there.
    William Clackson or Clarkson, shoemaker there.
    Thomas Pike, otherwise Piuk, muslin-singer there.
    Robert Gray, weaver there.
    James Clelland, smith there.
    Alexander Hart, cabinet-maker there.
    Thomas M'Farlane, weaver at Condorrat.

    The prisoners being arraigned on the 6th current, Mr Cullen and Mr Monteith, the prisoners' Counsel, Started an objection to the indictment, in regard to the situation of the indictment, in regard to the sitution of the villa at which the affair took place, which was over-ruled by the Court, and the prisoners were ordered to put in their plea of Guilty or Not Guilty, which they severally did, pleading Not Guilty. Upon being asked what way they wished to be tried, all of them said, " By God and my Country,"

    and the Court adjourned to the 13th. This day, pursuant to the adjournment mentioned above, the Court resumed its former sittings, and procceded to the trial of Andrew Harjie, weaver in Glasgow, upon an indictment, which contained four counts. The evidence for the prosecution was now closed, which went to connect the Bonnymuir business with the proposed Radical insurrection in the West of Scotland, Hardie having violently resisted a Magistrate in the act of taking down one of the Radical Proclamations of the 1st of April at Glasgow. The evidence also traced him, with about 24 more armed men on their march from thence to Castlecarry, and after taking sol refreshment, to Bonnymuir, where he was,conspicuously engaged against the military. Counsel was heard on both sides, in whichMr Jeffrey admitted that the prisoner was found in a skirmish with the King's troops, but denied this to be High Treason.

    The Jury were ably addressed by the Lord President, who, on this, as on a former occasion, explained the law with regard to Treason in the dearest and most distinct, manner, and pointed out the dangerous tendency which such a crime would lead to, if the persons, employed in it were for a moment tolerated in their designs. He was followed by the other Judges, who gave their opinions in , nearly the same terms. .

    The Jury were then inclosed, and a pro- found stillness seemed to be visible during the time the Jury were deciding upon the verdict which was to fix the fate of this man, A little after one o'clock next morning, they took their seats, when they returned a verdict of Guilty against Andrew Hardie, weaver in Glasgow.

    July l4th.John Baird, with the other Bonnymuir prisoners was charged with being engaged at Bonnymuir; the trial commenced at ten, and continued to a late hour He was likewise found Guilty. Mr Jeffrey then stated-it to be the desire of the rest of the Bonnymuir prisoners to retract their former plea of Not Guilty.

    The Lord Advocate stated, that whatever clemency the Crown might exercise in this respect, the law was fixed and a capital punishment was the only course left for them to adopt. They all pled Guilty to their indictments.

    John Anderson, weaver in St. Ninian's, and William Crawford, weaver in Balfron, also pled Guilty to their indictments; the former for pasting up the Radical Address, and the latter for being engaged in Treasonable.

    The Court adjuurned to a future period.

    Stirling, Aug. 4th, 1820.

    This day, the Court met, when it proceeded to pass Sentence upon the prisoners found Guilty of High Treason, which was (after a very impressive admonition from the Lord President) that the whole of the prisoners engaged at Bonnymuir be taken from the place where they are confined, drawn to the place of execution upon a Hurdle, and be Hanged, Beheaded and Quartered, AT STIRLING.

    On Friday the 8th September next, Anderson & Crawford and two others from Falkirk received the same sentence.

    W. CArSE, Printed

    Acknowledgement: 'The Trustees of the National Library of Scotland'

    High Treason
  • Hardie and Baird

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    A Full, True, and Particular Account of the Execution of the Radicals ANDREW HARDIE and JOHN BAIRD, who were Hanged and Beheaded at Stirling, on Friday the 8th September 1820, for High Treason, together with their Behaviour at the Place of Execution.

    YESTERDAY, 8th September, 1820, the preparation for the execution of these unfortunate men having been completed the previous night, this morning the scaffold appeared to the view of the inhabitants. On each side the scaffold was placed a coffin, at the head of which was a tub, filled with saw-dust, destined to receive the head. To the side of the tub was affixed a block.

    The clergymen of the town (the reverend Drs Wright and Small,) and the reverend Mr Bruce, throughout the confinement of the prisoners, were unremitting in their duties. The morning previous to the execution was spent almost solely in devotion and reflections, suited to the awful situation of the prisoners. About 11 o'clock a troop of the 7th Dragoon Guards arrived from Falkirk,and were assisted by the 13th Foot quartered in the Castle.

    At a quarter after one the procession left the Castle, and was seen to move down Broad Street, the unfortunate men in a hurdle, their backs to the horse, and the headsman with his axe sitting so as to face them. They were respectably dressed in black, with weepers. The procession was attended by the Sheriff-depute and his Substitute, and the Magistrates, all with their staves of office. The troops lined the streets so as to permit the whole to pass slowly and undisturbed to the spot intended for the execution. During the procession, the prisoners sung a hymn, in which they were joined by the multitude.

    At 20 minutes to two o'clock, the hurdle arrived at the Court-house. Hardie first descended. He was followed by Baird, then the headsman. Hardie, by mistake, was conducted into the waiting-room. He bowed twice respectfully to the gentlemen who were present. The Reverend Dr Wright accompanied

    Hardie. The Reverend Dr Small, and Mr Brown, were with Baird. Hardie turned round, and observing how few persons were present, said to one of the clergymen, " Is this all that is to be present." Dr Wright read the whole of the 51st psalm. He then delivered a most impressive prayer; after which, a few verses of the same psalm, from the 7th verse, were sung by the prisoners and others present, Hardie giving out two lines at a time, in a clear and distinct voice, and sung the same without any tremulency. The Reverend Dr Small then delivered a prayer, remarkable for zeal and fervour ; after which, the 103d psalm was sung, Hardie giving out two lines at a time as before.

    The conduct of these two men while in the Court-room was most calm and unassuming. Some refreshment being offered, Hardie took a glass of sherry,and Baird a glass of port. Hardie said something the exact import of which we could not collect. He begged the sheriff to express their gratitude to General Graham, Major Peddie, and the public authorities, for their humanity and attention ; he then bowed to the other persons present, and drank off the whole of the contents of the glass. Baird then addressed himself to the sheriff, and begged to convey sentiments of a similr nature. When they were pinioned Hardie mentioned to Baird to come forward to the scaffold. While in the Court- room both prisoners particularly Hardie, seemed less affected by their situation than any other person present; his hand, while he held his book, never trembled. On their arrival at the scaffold, there was a dead silence. After a few minutes, Baird addressed the crowd in a very loud voice. He adverted to the circumstance in which he was placed, and said he had but little to say, but that he never gave his assent to any thing inconsistent with truth and justice. He then recommended the bible, and a peaceful conduct to his hearers. Hardie then addressed the crowd. He commenced with the word " Countrymen." At something which we could not completely catch, and which we must not guess at there was a huzzaing, and marks of approbation. After a few moments silence as if recollecting he had proceeded too far, and had excited feelings inconsistent with his situation, he spoke again. He adised the crowd not to think of them, but to attend to their bibles, and recommended them, in place of going to public houses, to drink to the memory of Baird and Hardie, that they would retire to their devotions. After the ropes were adjusted, a most warm and aflectionate prayer was delivered by the reverend Mr Bruce. At eleven minutes before three the necessary arrangements being made, Hardie gave the signal, when they were launched into eternity. After hanging half an hour, they were cut down, and placed upon the coffins, with, their necks upon a block; the headsman then came forward ; he was a little man, apparently about 18 years of age; he wore a black crape over his face, a hairy cap, and a black gown On his appearance there was a cry of murder. He struck the neck of Hardie thrice before it was severed ; then held it up with both hands, saying, " This is the head of a traitor." He severed the head of Baird at two blows, held it up in the same, manner, and used the same words The coffin were then removed, and the crowd peaceably dispersed.

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    Hardie and Baird
  • Female Miser

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    A FULL AND PARTICULAR ACCOUNT
    OF A
    Female Miser!

    Who Died at Stirling on the 26th of May last, 1820 ; to which is added, an Account of the numerous curious Articles found in her House after her Death.

    ISOBEL FRIZZEL, or FRASER, died at Stirling on the 26th day of May last. She was about 75 years of age at the time of her death, and had no relations, but dwelt alone in a house of three
    apartments, into which no person was allowed to enter.She enjoyed good health, but denied herself the common necessaries of life, except a little to satisfy her hunger, which was of the cheapest and coarsest kind, but never applied for charity. She employed her time in doing menial work for householders, and in spinning, but
    went frequently about the streets collecting cinders.She would not even take away the ashes from the hearth, without extracting every cinder to the size of a pin head, leaving nothing but the white ash, which nearly suffocated her at the throwing it out on the dung- hill, as there was no substance in it to make it fall to the ground.

    She carefully picked up every pin she fell in with, till she nearly filled one hundred pincushions, of which she appears to have hadan immense number.She was fond of articles of dress, and bought many, though she rarely put them on her back.Old copper, brass, iron, crystal, ropes, &c. and every commodity which could command a market, she eagerly gathered together, and sold.At the time of her death, and after taking a particular view of the different apartment of the house she occupied in Stirling, the following is a pretty correct statement of the principal effects of her wardrobe, though they are a numerous list of inferior trash :

    • About 800 muslin and linen women's caps
    • 120 gowns and petucoats, of various descriptions, 14 of them silk
    • 30 pair ofbrass candlesticks
    • 17 yetlen pots, and 5 copper tea-ketcles
    • 250 wooden dishes, of various descriptions
    • 2 house eight-day clocks and cases
    • 60 pewter dishes, with a variety of block-tin ones
    • 80 pairs of shoes, many of them very old-fashioned
    • 10 sets of fire-irons, with a great many odd ones
    • 150 shawls, of various qualities
    • 1 pair of coach lamps, and 7 lanterns
    • 6 cart load of cindersand firewood
    • 700 articles of crockery and crystal ware
    • 100 pin- cushions, full of pins, of all sizes and colours
    • 15 gold and silver trinkets
    • 3 pair of silver tea-tongs
    • 3 chests of drawers, in one of which were found 7 and odds in money
    • 8 silver tea-spoons cannister ditto,
    • silver table and desert ditto
    • a washing boyn, full of marbles
    • a boyn full of perries and tops
    • a boyn full of penny dolls
    • a great variety of sheets and blankets
    • a number of linenshirts and shifts,

    With a number of horn spoons, rusty knives and forks, a variety of potatoe beetles, a number of buttons, which had been cut off old coats that came in her way, old copper, brass, and crystal, and a variety of spades, hay-forks, rakes, grapes, two communion cups, and a great variety of other articles, too numerous for our limits to insert.

    Acknowledgement: 'The Trustees of the National Library of Scotland'

    Female Miser
  • Execution of Baird and Hardie

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    A Particular Account of the Execution of John Baird and Andrew Hardie, who were Hanged and Beheaded at Stirling, on Friday the 8th day of September, 1820, convicted of High Treason.

    STIRLING, 8TH SEPTEMBER, 1820.

    This day, at one o'clock, the Sheriff's Depute and Sobstitute of the county of Stirling, accompanied by the Magistrates, and preceded by the Town and Sheriff Officers, went in procession from the Town-House to the Castle, to receive the prisoners at the Castle Gate.

    They were met by the Lieut. Governor, General Graham, when the Sheriff demanded the two prisoners, HARDIE and BAIRD.
    The gates were thrown open, and a strong party of the 13th Regiment under the immediate command of Colonel Sir William Williams, marched out and formed two lines, one on each side of the road.
    A squadron of the 7th Dragoon Guards were already drawn up outside the Castle Gate, and when the prisoners arrived, formed outside the Insantry, and also in front and rear of the procession.
    The prisoners, who were decently dressed in black clothes, with weepers and crape, attended by the three Ministers of the Established Church, viz: Dr Wright, Dr. Small and Mr Bruce, now came out of the Castle, and mounted the Hurdle with a firm and undaunted step. The decapitator took his seat immediately behind them, clad in a dark cloak and veiled with black crape, holding up his weighty axe in the same appaling manner in which he held it at Glasgow

    They bowed to the crowd all around, and particularly to the Lieut Governor and Fort Major. The Sheriff and Magistrates took their position immediately behind the small party of cavalry which cleared the street. The Ministers were placed at the sides of the hurdle, which was guarded by two Sheriff Officers. A strong detachment of the 13th marched along, and the rear was guarded by a few Cavalry.When the procession began to move (which was at a slow pace) the prisoners sung the last hymn in a. very audible and distinct manner, and continued to do so, except in the narrow part of the Castle Wynd, till, they arrived at the Prison, in front of which the Scaffold was erected.Hardie looked up and smiledBaird surveyed the dreadful apparatus with earnestness, but composure.Both the prisoners, but especially Hardie, looked eagerly and keenly at their veiled companion, but did not address him.The procession, after arriving at the front of the Prison, halted; the troops drew up, formed three sides of a square around the Scaffold; the prisoners, with the Magistrates and Ministers, proceeded to the Court-house, where nearly an hour was spent in devotional exercises.Dr.Wright first read the 51st Psalm, and prayedDr.Small next read from the 7th to the 13th verse of the same Psaim, which the prisoners sung with much devotion, Hardie giving on the line and leading the singingDr. Small afterwards prayedThe Rev. Mr.Bruce then gave out the 30th Psalm, which was sung in like manner; and the devotions were concluded by another prayer from Dr. Wright.

    The arms of the prisoners were then pinioned, and after each had got a glass of wine, they were conducted to the Scaffold. It was prepared with all the insignia of death.On each side was placed the coffins with the block for decapitation, the floor was covered with saw-dust.The prisoners then went on the platform at a quarter before three o'clock.On their appearance the crowd set up a faint cheer. Baird then addressed the crowd in a very appropriate manner, and begged them to read and study their Bibles as the Word of God; he made no interfereace to the course which brought him and his unfortunate companion to the situation in which they were now placed. Hardie then addressed the audience, but was not so distinctly as Baird; he said," I die a martyr to the cause of truth and justice " The Crowd gave a faint chear, and immediately, as if in a panic, they fled towards the cross streets and closses.

    The ropes were now affixed to the prisoners and to the traverse beam, after which Mr. Bruce prayed very servently, and at twenty minutes to three o'clock they were launched into eternity. They hardly exhibited any struggle. After hanging 25 minutes, their bodies were taken down by the sheriff Officers, and placed on their respective coffins with their heads on a block, and their faces down-wards. When the necks were bared, the decapitator came forward, and was assailed by the crowd with hisses, yells, and cries of " Murder." He appeared to be the same person who officiated at Glasgow, but he completely lost his former firmness and dexterity. He se't the neck of Hardie's corpse with his right hand, raised his ponderous hatchet, hesitated, lowered it, adjusted the crape on his face, and raised it again, and after two powerful strokes, a third slight touch was necessary to sever some of the adhering fibres and skin.
    He then held up the gory head in his right hand, and exclaimed, " This is the head of a traitor." He next turned round to the corpse of Baird, and took his aim apparently with less trepidation: the first stroke the axe cut the neck slightly and stuck fast in the wood, but
    the second severed the head from the body. He then held it up also, streaming with blood, and made the same proclamation, " This is the head of a traitor " and retired. The mangled bodies were then taken inside the Jail, and the crowd instantly dispersed.

    HARDIE, though born in Auchinairn, was educated in Glasgow. He was bred a weaver. He served in the Berwick Militia upwards of five years, and was
    discharged immediately after the battle of Waterloo.
    He came home to his loom, and became a member of the " Castle street Union Society," but never bore any office. The society was given up before the end of December. Upon the 4th April he was informed that there was to be a great meeting that night at Germiston, he went to the place, but found only 30 or 40 men. They never separated till they were all seized at Bonnymuir. He was 27 years of age; and has left two youngers, a sister, and an aged mother.

    BAIRD was born in the parish of Cumbernauld, and bred a weaver. He enlisted into the 95th Regiment, and belonged to it more than 7 years. He was in Spain with Moore. When he was discharged, he settled at Condorrat, and wrought at his trade till the beginning of April, when he was taken in arms at Bonnymuir.--He was 31 years of age, and unmarried. He has left two brothers and an aged father to lament his death.

    JAMES CLELLAND, who was to have been executed along with Baird and Hardie, has received a respitefor one month.

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    Execution of Baird and Hardie
1821
  • Forged Five Pound Notes

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    E X E C U T I O N,

    A particular Account of the Behaviour and Execution of WILLIAM LEONARD SWAN,at Glasgow, on Wednesday the 16th May, 1821, for altering two Forged Five Found Notes of the Paisley Banking Company, in the month of November last. GLASGOW, MAY 16, l821.

    WILLLIAM LEONARD SWAN was Exceuted this day. pursuant to his sentence,convicted of issuing a forged note for 5, on the 8th November last, in the house of Agnes Mitchell, change-'keeper in Airdrie, purporting to be of the Paisley Banking Company, and of passing another of the same amount in the house of John Smellie, change-keeper, Clarkston.

    Swan was brought up to the profession of the law, and for some time was clerk to M'Kechnie and Mann, writers in Glasgow, but in March,1815 , was tried before the High Court of Justiciary, for theft, fraud and forgery, accused of having abstracted from the letter box of his employers, a letter directed to " Mr. Alexanander Mann, Glasgow," containing a bill of exchange for 100, and with forging,or causing to be forged Mr. Mann's indorsation.

    Having procured a school-boy, of the name of Glassford, by promising him money, to pre- sent the bill to be .discounted at the office of the Bank of Scotland, in Glasgow, he was apprehended, owing to the bill being stopt at the bank, and the boy told it .was Swan and another person that gave him the bill, and they were

    Both seized and committed to prison. They both, however, were dismissed from the bar, the Lord Justice Clerk observing to Swan,that he might rest assured, if he ever again appeared at the bar, accused of any similar con- duct, the strong suspicion under which he nowday, would not be forgotten, but should infallibiy rise up in judgment against him, and a very different verdict would await him." One-would have thought that this narrow escape should have been a lesson to a person of his information, this, however, has not been the cast", and all now saw the melancholy result of his misconduct.

    He afterwards took up his residence in the village of Airdrie, where his parents at present reside, where be acted in the capacity of a messengers, but having tallen into some peculiar embarrassments. a caption was issued against him and he fled to Paisley, where he was apprehended for the crime for which he suffured. On his trial he solemnly declared his innocence of the crime of which he was found guilty, and denied to the last all knowledge of the notes being forged.

    He was in hopes of a mitigation of his punishment till Sunday last, when an answer to his petition from the Secretary of State was received, which stated, that owing to the recent example which had been made at Stirling, he could not consistently recommend him to mercy. On the same day he attended sermon in the Chapel, along; with the rest of the prisoners, when an excellent discourse was delivered from Zecariah ix chap, and 12th verse, " Turn ye to the strong hold, ye prisoners of hope," and seemed to be deeply affected.

    He was assisted in his spiritual concerns by the Rev. Principal Taylor, and several .other ministers, whom he thanked for their attention. He has devoted part of his time to writing a serious Address to his fellow prisoners, which we understand is to be published in the form of a cheap tract.

    Swan was a fine looking man, about 35 years of age, and has left a wife and four children, and his last farewell .with them on Tuesday evening, was truly affecting.

    At two o'clock the Magistrates entered the Court Hall, and the prisoner soon after, genteelly dressed in black, with weepers on his coat Dr. Taylor, the Rev.Mr.Marshall, and several other Gentalman assisted him in his devotions, ;which being fershed, about 3 o'clock he ascended-the scaffold and immediately thereafter dropt a handkerchief as a signal when the drop tell, and he was departed from this world for ever; the crowd was not very great.

    It is much to be lamented that the many examples which have been made have not in the least tended to put a stop to this unpardonable crime the conmission of which struk at the very life and soul of a commercial country like this.

    Acknowledgement: 'The Trustees of the National Library of Scotland'

    Forged Five Pound Notes
1822
  • Awful Prophecies

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    THE AWFUL PROPHECIES OF DAVID ROSS,the Glasgow Prophet, which he delivered to an immense multitude in the Dove-hill of Glasgow, on Sunday the 29th September. 1822.

    It is recorded in Holy Writ that false prophets and false teachers shall arise among the people and many shall follow their pernicious ways, and through covetousness, and cunning, devised fables shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you; and history, both ancient and modern, have completely fulfilled that prediction, from the days of Mahomet, whose followers are now scattered over a considerable portion of Europe and Asia, down to our own enlightened times, when the notorious Johann Southcott, staggered the faith of not a few of both the great and the learned.

    Another prophet has lately sprung up in Glasgow, in the person of David Ross, a humble Knight of the Shuttle, who has been lecturing and preaching in a house in Great Dove-hill, called the "Church of Smyrna". Notwithstanding his confident claims to the gift of prophecy, he is still confined to the shop, and obliged, as he says, to "draw his subsistence through the eye of his shuttle". Both his doctrines and the manner of expounding them, are of a singular nature; and betwixt those who go from conviction and those who go from curiosity, he has always a crowded house. For some time past, he has been uttering violent tirades, in the shape of prophecies of various kinds; against other sects, particularly the Ministers of the Established Church; the College of Glasgow comes in for a pretty large share of his gall. He states that the wickedness of Glasgow is such that before now it would have shared the fate of Sodom and Gomorrah, were it not for the existence of one righteous man, viz. himself. It having been intimated that on Sunday the 29th September. he would appear dressed in a white robe as Aaron the High Priest, along with a female in a similar dress as Miriam. Accordingly a great crowd was collected about the door in addition to the filling of the house.

    Having entered the Holy of Holies, and there assisted by his faithful disciples, was attired in a long white robe, with a hat made of satin, something of an oblong shape on it was displayed, in large gold letters, "Holiness unto Jehovah;" on his right arm, "Victory is Jehovah's;" and he wore a breast plate, with the inscription in gold letters, "Truth and Justice;" round his waist was a blue sash representing the girdle of the law. Miriam was attired in a plain robe of white, and the girdle of the law round her waist (which the prophet said the Lord had given her) and a round hat of white linen. Thus equipped the Prophet, attended by the Prophetess and another person, entered the hall, when the audience began to laugh; upon which the Prophet said: "Don't laugh, for I am endowed with the spirit of the Holy Prophets of old, and I have brought you a woman from God, the like of here has not appeared in the world for these 800 years. She has been in the pit of Purgatory for these seven years, and in hell for four; she has had conflicts with Beelzebub the Prince of Devils, and she has enjoyed sweet communion with Gabriel, the chief of Angels." After this the Prophet drew back, and Miriam advanced, she appeared to be about 40, nor remarkably handsome either in person or deportment. When the audience laughed she angrily said she was neither daft or stupid; she was sent by the great Jehovah to speak the truth; the father knows his children and she knew that the Lord knew her. She here seemed to falter, and the confusion and laughter increasing she sat down.

    The Prophet then rose, and said he hoped the would have compassion on Miriam, who was a plain country woman, and was unused to speak in public. At this time there was a large crowd in the street endeavoring to get admittance, and when a brick-bat made its entrance through a window he exclaimed, "The devil and all his angels ate striving against us, the Lord who is with us is greater than they." He stated that he got all his knowledge in visions and that he had been in hell last week, and amongst other worthies he saw a late celebrated statesman sitting reading the Corn Bill in his hand, In Daniel it is said the reign of the beast is for 1260 years, which he said makes the year 1809 the time when the witnesses rose (that is the Radicals) and those who were beheaded at Glasgow and Stirling were witnesses, and sealed the testimony with their blood. Their bodies are to lie for three years and a half, and counting from April 1809, that time ends in November first, between the 20th and 30th of which he affirms that British Babylon will be completely overthrown; and that not only this nation, but all nations shall drink deep of the cup of God's indignation." He says that it has appeared before him, that Glasgow will either turn like Nineveh, or be laid in ruins like Sodom, a warning to future generations.

    In the evening the multitude was very large; there was scarcely any passing down the Gallowgate or up the Dove-hill; and the police was obliged to be called in to clear the street. About 8 o'clock the prophet left the hall along with his female convert, and during their progress they were hissed and pushed and so roughly used that they were obliged to be taken under the protection of the police, who conducted them in safely to their earthly habitation in the Calton.


    Printed by John Muir, Glasgow.

    Acknowledgement: 'The Trustees of the National Library of Scotland'

    Awful Prophecies
1824
  • Execution of John Campbell

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    Genuine and latest Account of the Excution of John Campbell who suffered at Stirling on Friday last, the 14th of May 1824. shewing the Lamentable manner in which he cried aloud for mercy, with an account of his affecting farewell with his aged Father; also an account how he seized hold of rope when he was thrown off.

    This day, the above unfortunate young man, John Campbell, who was, on the 9th of April last, convicted of various acts of Housebreaking and Theft, suffered the last punishment of the law. His behaviour on the occasion of his trial, was of such an uncommon and extravagant nature,breaking out into the most heart-rending lamentations, and otherwise exhibiting such a want of fortitude,that many were led to conjecture that there was at least a temporary destitution of reason. His conduct continued nearly the same long after he was taken out of Court, and for several days after his condemnation, the cries from his cell arrested and annoyed the passengers on the streets. He became afterwards,however, more composed ; but still at intervals displayed a weakness of mind, which, coupled with his extreme youth, might perhaps have well excused the extension of Royal Mercy.

    Within a few days of his execution, when he was assured on the evidence of an official communication, that there was no hope of the sentence being commutted; his behaviour became more distracting than ever ; and it was deemed necessary to attend him constantly, both with the view of keeping him more at ease, and of preventing the sentence of the law from being self-anticipated. Campbell since his uondemnation, till within these few days, took his meals regularly, and in general slept well. Latterly, his rest was broken and disturbed, his impending fate engrossing his whole attention ; and he was often exclaiming,' How will I be able to suffer such a death!

    While conversing with religious people he was more tranquil than at other periods: and he frequently stated that his hope rested solely on the merits of our Saviour. The greater part of last night was spent in a manner suitable to the melancholy occasion ; and the prisoner seemed more composed than he had been far some nights previous. At 2 o'clock this morning, he threw, himself on his bed, and slumbered till 3, when he awoke, remarking that another hour of his time was gone. He again betook himself to rest, and continued in a calm sleep till nearly 5, when he got up, and entered seriously into the religious conversation of those around him; and fervently prayed that the Lord would strengthen him in his hour of trial. During the forenoon, he was visited by several of the religious inhabitants and clergymen of the place, to whose prayers and instructions he paid particular attention. A little before 2 in the afternoon, he was led into the Court- Room, where, as is usual, the religious exercises were performed, after which,attended by the Rev. Mr Anderson of Blair Logie, he moved forward to the scaffold. Centrary to general expectation, the prisoner behaved with a great degree of fortitude, until he dropped the signal, when he seized the rope with his hand, and consepuently by injuring the fall, prolonged his agony for some time.

    John Campbell was born at the bridge of Kelty, near Callander, in 1804, and came to reside in the village of St. Ninians, about a mile from Stirling, when very young. What education he possessed, he received at the parochial school of that place. He also attended the Sabdath Evening School there, but notwithstanding the good instructions he was then receiving, he was in the habit of committing many petty depredations through the week, such as entering hen-houses, and carrying off the poultry. He never could think of settling at any regular employment, and to this, the breaking of the Sabbath, and bad company, he attributed his awful end, For two winters he followed after smugling, during which attained a number of bad habits.

    Acknowledgement: 'The Trustees of the National Library of Scotland'

    Execution of John Campbell
1825
  • Murray tried for Mail robbery

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    A Full and Particular Account of the Trial of ROBERT MURRAY, who was tried yesterday, the 28th Feburary, 1825, before the High Court of Justiciary, for the Robbery of the Stirling Mail, on the evening of the 18th December last, at Kirkliston when Cash to the amount of upwards of 7000 Sterling was abstracted !

    On Monday the 28th February, 1825, ROBERT MURRAY, sometime in the Naval Service of the Honourable East India Company, was put to the bar, accused of being art and part concerned in the robbery of the Stirling Mail, on the evening of the 18th December last, at or near the house of Mathew Linn, post- master, Kirkliston, on the road leading from Linlithgow to Edin- burgh, and with stealing therefrom three parcels of banker's or bank notes,one of these having been sent from the branch of the Bank of Scotland, Stirling, to the office in Edinburgh, and contained notes to the value of 2434. 17s.-2d, a parcel from Crieff to the Commercial Banking Company, amounting to 2360,-and, 3d, a parcel to the Leith Banking Company, from Callander, amounting to 2254. 10s. The prisoner plead Not Guilty.

    A jury being sworn, the several bank agents stated their having made up the parcels of notes, which were delivered to the Guard of the Mail Coach, at Stirling, William Hume was then called, who deponed, that he was Guard of the Stirling Mail on the 18th December last, was about eight years in that situation ; was in the practice of conveying notes from Stirling to Edinburgh, which was a private transaction between the banks and him. After stating that he got three different parcels containing notes to be delivered in Edinburgh, which were put first into a sack, and placed in the Mail box, on the road, two miles on this side of Falkirk, he then goes on to say, that he unlocked the box at Winchburgh, without stopping and put the Linlithgow bag, whieh he had previously kept in the sword case, into the Mail sack. He then felt with his feet that the. money parcels were still safe. He did not then lock the Mail box, that was a neglect on his part. No person ever left the front of the eoach to come to the back part till it reached Kirkliston. An out- side passenger was taken up at Linlithgow, who sat along side the coachman. The coach stopped at Kirkliston, opposite the door of Matthew Linn. the postmaster ; it was very dark when the coach arrived there, at 40 minutes after 6 o'clock ; witness dismounted, and went into the Post Office for the bag, leaving the Mail box unlocked ; he had no occasion to open the box there, not did he do so till he reached Corstorphine.He was not more than one and a half minute in the house at Kirkliston, but he afterwards assisted in putting, the leading horses to the coach. The total amount of the whole stop, did not exceed four or five minutes including the time he was in the house.

    The Mail Box continued unlocked till he arrived at Constorphine, where he got a bag to take to Edinburgh. He then opened the box to put in this bagand he discovered that the money parcels were gone, having been taken out at Kirkliston. He never men- tioned the loss to any one till he arrived at the Post Office ; there he met the persons from the banks. Two inside passengers and one outside outside were set down at Frederick Street; one of the insides was the passenger who was out of the coach at Kirkliston and the outside one, was he who was taken up at Linlithgow. He let them go at once, although he was aware of the robberyfrom being in a state of alarm and confusion, he did not well know what he was doing. Did not, however, suspect any of these pas- sengers, for one had no luggage whatever, and the other only a small bag which lay on the fore boot, not near so large as tho par- cels. When the coach arrived at the Post Office he found the usual persons waiting to receive the money for the banks, and told them that it was all gone. He then gave information as to when he thought the robbery had been effected ; and returned to Kirkliston, with some of the bank people where they received some intelligence. He was quite certain that he felt the money parcels in the coach at Winchburgh, and that he did not miss them till he arrived at Cor- storphine. He had no participation directly or indirectly in the theft, nor did he know by whom tho robbery was effected.

    A great many other witnesses were then examined, and the pri- soner's declaration read, in which he stated, that he was 39 years of age, was born in London, and lived on the interest of his money. After which the Jury were addressed by the Counsel for and against the prosecution, as well as by the Lord Justice Clerk, when they, without leaving their box, returned a viua voce verdict, finding the Libel Not Proven, on which he was dismissed from the bar, He was again taken on a new warrant, in the Parliament Square.

    Printed for Robert M'Millan PRICE ONE PENNY.

    Acknowledgement: 'The Trustees of the National Library of Scotland'

    Murray tried for Mail robbery
  • Cat out of the Pock

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    A Full, True and Particular Account of a most wonderful and astonishing Catastrophe that took place a few evenings, in a gentleman's house, in Fettes Row, near Stockbridge, Edinburgh, when a Black Quadruped of the feline species absolutely swallowed a Paper, containing many popular and learned Essays and dissertations on various Subjects, too numerous to insert in our small limits....but which must be very interesting to all our readers.

    'Extracted from the New North Brston.

    THE penchant of some of the lower animals for articles of human utility is a well-known fact in natural history. Rats have been known to line their Bests with guinea notes, and magpies to carpet their clay nests with cambric handkerchiefs, as well as plenish their habitations with silver and other articles, as is established by many facts on record, particularly, by that beautiful French story, on which is founded the much-admired melo-drama, often represented on our stage, called, ' The Maid and the Magpie.' A clergy-man, not many miles from Edinburgh, had a voracious cow that are a pair of blankets and a pair of boots during the time the family were taking their dinner ; but the following CAT-as- trophe is, we believe, the first instance of the feline race having manifested any thing like a lite fiiry appetite.

    A gentleman in Fettes Row, near Stockbridge, Edinburgh, who reads the Stirling Advertiser, had that journal laid on his table at six o'clock the other evening, and on returning home a few hours afterwards, he found it reduced to tatters, and a handsome black cat in the act of munching up the fragments that were left. Puss had commenced operations on the cover, which she had devoured entirely. Next she had fallen on the Dean of Faculty's interesting speech in the General Assembly, on the Stirling Church case, and eaten out the whole of the learned gentleman's preamble and peroration, to show she did not proceed to ex-tremities." A paragraph from the Court Journal, stating, that the King had experienced a decided relapse, and that the public might place implicit reliance on their information, was devoured, from which-we would-gladly augur- his Majesty's ultimate recovery. Several melancholy accidents had only a dismal blank to tell the tale. On the first page, two steam-boats, the ' fine coppered brig Gleniffer', and Warren's boots marked 30, Strand, were nearly all that had escaped ; but whether this was owing to the appearance of the water, to which cats have an instinctive dislike, or to the terror inspired by the portrait of the razor in the hand of the man shaving in the other, we cannot say. "We deem, the whole a curious trait in the history of that animal, the CAT "

    Acknowledgement: 'The Trustees of the National Library of Scotland'

    Cat out of the Pock
  • Murder Confession

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    Confession of murder

    A Full and Particular Account of the Apprehension of THOMAS MOFFAT, who fled from Kilsyth about three years ago, for the Barbarous Murder of his own Father, by repeated Stabs in the abdomen! with an Account of his Confession and also of the manner in which he spent his life since, &c.

    On Friday the 7th of October 1825, Sergeant Leckie of the Calton Police Glasgow, accompanied by a Sheriff-Officer, apprehended, in Auchinearn, who was working at his loom in a house in that village, where he went under the assumed name of George Watson. It will be recollected he was outlawed for the murder of his father, three years ago, in Kilsyth. He was seized without his coat; and was taken into a public-house,, he made off, and ran through three parks, bolting through hedges, but was at last taken in ambush.

    He says he was twice in the police office since the murder, but was not recognized. He confesses the murder; but blames his father- for striking and ill-using his mother, and for drinking all the money he earned, and starving the family, and giving them no education whatever. He said that the night he killed his father, he was much intoxicated, and did not recollect how the murder was effected. The death of his father was effected by repeated stabs in the abdomen.

    He said when he absconded he went to Dumfries, but stopped only one or two nights there, because he could not rest. He came to Auchinearn, where he had been living ever since. He said he has never since got a sound sleep, except the nights he was the worse of liquor. He was about to be married.

    When in jail, he said to Mr. Leckie that it was the happiest night he had since he committed the deed. If his mother was dead, he did not care how soon he left the world. He has a very down- cast look, and is about 5 feet 8 inches high. He was sent off on Tuesday morning under an escort to Stirling Jail.

    Acknowledgement: 'The Trustees of the National Library of Scotland'

    Murder Confession
1826
  • Execution of John McGraddy

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    A Full and Particular Account of the Execution of JOHN M'GRADDY, who was Executed at Stirling, on Friday the 26th May, 1826, containing the particulars of his Trial, and his behaviour since the time he received sentence of death, and at the place of Execution.

    STIRLING, 26th May, 1826. This day the unfortunate man underwent the last mandate of the law in front of our prison here, for housebreaking and theft, in the house of the Rev. Mr M'Call, of Muiravonside.

    The first witness the Rev. William M'Call, stated that his house was broken into, upon the llth December last, about 1 o'clock in the morning, when he heard a noise come from the north part of the house, he started up, but thought it was occasioned by the servants working, he came to the stair head, where he saw a light below, and in a few minutes two men rushed up stairs, one of them had on something like a. spanish cloak, and held it up so as to conceal his face, one of them was armed with a pistol, and the other with a sword; the one with the pistol said, If you do not give up your money I will shoot you ; they then forced him back to the bedroom, and went directly to a chest of drawers, and ransacked them, they carried off a sum of money which had been collected for the deaf and dumb institution in Edinburgh ; saw them carry away a gold watch which hung beside the window.saw them take from a press some silver teaspoons, when they were at the press, witness stood in the passage opposite the front door, and took the oppor- tunity of opening the door and making his escape to the house of Mr Read, a farmer in the neighbourhood, here he got assistance, but on returning the fellows were gone. He said there was a great number of shirts and stockings taken away, here a pair of stockings were shown him which he indentified as his property, on being asked if the two prisioners at the bar were the men, he said they were about the size of the men that were in the house ; but could not swear to them, as he did not see their faces.

    Janet Roberts, and Elizebeth Taylor, corroborated the evidence of the proceeding witness.

    Edward Quin, boatman to the Union Canal, stated that he saw M'Graddy shortly after the robbery, when he told him, that the manse had been broken into and that he, M'Graddy, was one of the persons engaged in it, he saw the officers find a pair of stockings among the coals; saw M'Graddy wear a pair like them, and that he had them on just before the officers came up.

    Andrew M'Kay, stated that lie was one of them that apprehended M'Graddy, that he found the pair of stockings shown in court among the coals, near where M'Graddy was lying, who had no stockings on, and the weather was remarkably cold at the time.

    Several other witnesses were examined, after which the Advocate-depute addressed the Jury for the Crown, and Mr Bruce for M'Graddy. Lord M'Kenzie then summed up the evidence, at considerable length, when the Jury, after deliberating a few minutes, returned a verdict of Guilty. After an impressive address, he was sentenced to be executed at Stirling, on Friday the 26th May 1826, upon hearing which, he was so much affected that the officers had to carry him away from the bar.

    Since his condemnation, we understand, he has behaved himself with great propriety, and becoming his melancholy situation ; he was attended by the ministers of the Town, who did all in their power to compose his mind, and to make him lay hold on the hope set before him in the gospel, to whom he paid great attention.

    Accordingly, this day at two oclock, the Magistrates, attended by their officers, entered the Town-hall, where some of the clergy and others were in attendance on the prisoner. After spending some short time in devotional exercise, they proceeded to the scaffold, where prayers were again put up for the unhappy man. He then affectionately took leave of those around him, shaking hands with the officers respectively. He left the jail with great reluctance, and when the executioner appeared with a white cotton cap, he would not permit him to put it on, but put on a striped Kilmarnock one, which he pulled out of his own pocket. After considerable hesitation, and after every thing was prepared, he dropt the fatal signal, and was launched into eternity, in presence of a great multitude of spectators. We trust this awful example will have its due effect on all those who witnessed it.

    He was a native of Ireland, and a well-looking young man, about 21 or 22 years of age, and nearly 6 feet high; we cannot learn that he had any trade, but was generally employed as a labourer ; and at the time he committed the robbery, he was plying with a coal-boat on the Union Canal.

    Acknowledgement: 'The Trustees of the National Library of Scotland'

    Execution of John McGraddy
  • Peter Moffat executed for killing his father

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    A Correct Account of the Trial and sentence of Peter Moffat, for the Murder of father, at Kilsyth, on the 2nd April, 1822, and who is to be Executed at Stirling, on Friday the 28th July, 1826.

    On Monday, 26th June, 1826, came on before the High Court of Justiciary, accused of the wilful murder of his father, Peter Moffat, late carter in Kilsyth, having, on the 2nd day of April 1822, assalted and attacked the said Peter Moffat with a knife or other lethel instrument, and inflicted several wounds in the belly of his father, where of he died in four days thereafter.

    After some observertations as to the removal of a sentence of out- lawry which was formerly passed on the pannel, he pled not guilty.

    Mrs Adams was the first witness called, She deponed

    I live at the Cross of Kilsyth. I remember old Peter Moffat, the father of the prisoner. He got his death four years past the 2d April. He was in my house between nine and ten o'clock that night. There was no person in it at the time, but my own family and a daughter of Moffat's, who was my servant. The prisoner was also in the houseboth the father and son were the worse of liquor. The prisoner was asleep on the ground. The father kicked him, took, hold of the hair of his head, and knocked it against the ground in purpose to waken him. Old Moffat seemed angry with me for al- lowing his son to lie on the ground, saying, he is as deserving of a bed as the best of you.' The father continued to strike his son's head ugainst the ground till he awoke, and said, ' it is all my own, fault.' The father then struggled with the son, till the pannel was set on the chair. The father again dadded his head against the mantle piece, but the strokes, I think, were not violent, being merely to awaken, but not to injure him. The father continued this usage for some time, when the son said, " Damn it, if you were not my father I would not thole that." He then rose and seized his father by the throat. I ran out to get assistance, but before I got to the door I think the son had couped his father on the ground. On my calling, Mrs Gulies, Jean Nicol, and James Johnston came in, and pulled the father and son asunder. Old Moffat then went out, and the prisoner wished to get out, when I said, " Just let him gang, he winna meddle wi his father." He then went out, lifting the cat bar of the door himself, and having the open knife in his hand, and holding it in a horizontal position.

    After an absence of a few minutes he returned, and said,------"Goodwin," and sat down by the fire. I did not speak to him, but hearing a running on the street, I went to the door, and heard a cry that Peter Moffat had sticked his father. I then said to him, " Oh, Peter, you have sticked your father," and he replied,' there is nothing like giving them their tatoes when one is at it, they can peel them when they are ready." I said, " Oh man, it was an awful thing to draw a knife on your father" I then went out, leaving him sitting, and he was gone before I re- tuaned. I never again saw him till in Stirling jail. The Lord Advocate in addressing the jury, dwelt very much on the horrid nature of the offence with which the prisoner stood charged. It was that of the highest crime known in the law of Scotland,.murder, and to which was added the frightful aggrava- tion of its having been perpetrated by a son, imbruing his hands in the blood of a father. Mr John Russell, in a singularly able and eloquent manner, ad- dressed the jury for the pannel, contending, that the very atrocity of such a crime, a crime which wrs repugnant to the laws of God, of nature, and of man, raised doubts of its having been perpe- taated, and consequently called upon the jury to sift such a case -the more closely.

    The Lord Justice Clerk, at great length, summed up the evidence to the jury, laying down the law applicable to it with his usual per- specuity, and giving it as his opinion that it was a case of murder. The jury, after an absence of a few minutes, returned a verdict of " finding the pannel Guilty as libelled."

    Lords Mackenzie and Alloway severally delivered their opinions, after which the Lord Justice Clerk proceeded to pronounce the last awful sentence of the law, which he, we thought, did with more than usual solemnity, but spoke so low as to be heard but very indistinctly. He said he had been convicted of a crime which reflected a disgrace upon the county within the bounds of which it was committed, which could hardly ever be wiped away. He had been convicted of murdering his own father the author of his being.the individual whom he was bound by the laws of God and of nature, to have protected even at the risk of his own life. It was a crime which no circumstance could justify nor palliate.even in the degree of violence used by the father their was no hostility and between 'that aggression and the inffliction of the wound, such an interval of time elapsed, that the pannel had time to reflect on on whom he was to lift his hand. His Lordship then read the sen- tence of the Court, ordaining the pannel to be executed at Stirling, on Friday the 28th July next, and his body thereafter to be given to Dr Monro for dissection.

    Acknowledgement: 'The Trustees of the National Library of Scotland'

    Peter Moffat executed for killing his father
  • Commercial Bank, designed by James Gillespie Graham
    The building in Spittal Street named The Collesio Hotel was originally built between 1825 & 1827 as The Commercial Bank.
    Commercial Bank, designed by James Gillespie Graham
1829
  • Helen McDougal strangled

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    AN ACCOUNT OF THE

    Horrid and Barbarous murder of Helen McDougal,

    Wife of the Miscreant BURKE, who was Strangled to Death by a number of Women at Deanstone Mills about a mile from Doune near Perth.

    Glasgow, 25th April, 1829.

    It appears that Helen McDougall wife of the miscreant Burke, after her liberation from Edinburgh, took her way to Glasgow where she remained for a number of days till the suspicion of the persons whom she lodged with, caused her repeatedly to shift, after which she bent her way to the Readon, where her parents reside and holds a respectable situation, and where she remained for some time, but being greatly annoyed one night her parents were under the necessity of conveying her out of the back window in the middle of the night, and leave her tospend the remainder of her wretched life in the best way she could. She then took her way to Stirling where she stopped some time, and took up with a man of the name of Campbell, a native of Perth, where they dwelt there for about one month, being a stranger in the place, a suspicion arose, and she was recognised on Tuesday last, and was resolved to go to Deanstone Cotton Mills, her man being a Spinner, and on her arrival there, he had got employment for three days only, when she was totally discovered before she was aware of it, Campbell being absent at the time, on the morning of Thursday when the Mills were going in, she was attacked by a great number of Individuals most of them Females, who attacked her furiously, siezed her by the hair of the head and strangled her, one of the woman dispatched her by putting her foot on her breast, and crushed her severely, she was then carried to a neighbouring house, where she expired in the course of a few minutes. This put an end to the West-Port Murderers, except Hare's Wife, who escaped from Belltorbett, on the death of her Husband.

    MURDER of HARE.

    On the night of Friday the 10th April, about twelve o'clock, Hare took up his abode in the house of one Atkinson, who was one of his old accomplices. The house was surrounded by a large mob, who swore that they would Murder every person in the house if they did not give up Hare. In an instant they rushed forward, broke open the door, and searched every corner, some person on the outside observed him coming out of the top of the chimney, where in a moment of time he was brought to the ground, and in a few minutes his body was so much mangled that he was taken by the police to a surgeon's shop and his wounds dressed, but he died in the course of four hours.

    Acknowledgement: 'The Trustees of the National Library of Scotland'

    Helen McDougal strangled
1830
  • Stand and Deliver!

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    Robbery of the Mail Coach.

    The whole particulars of that daring Robbery, which was committed on the Stirling Mail, on Saturday last with an account of the apprehension of one of the Robbers, On Saturday evening, 18th Dec. the Stirling Mail Coach was robbed to a very extensive amount, while changing horses at the village of Kirkliston.

    A gig with two men in it had been been observed to follow the Coach a considerable way before its ariival at Kirkliston, where both stopped at the Same inn. The men came out of the gig and after one of them had given & boy fourpance to hold the reins of the horse, they qoth wen( into the house, while the driver and guard were either inside the house or attending to the Post Office duties, A passenger in the Coach was observed by a women at this time deseend into the boot, which the guard had left unlocked ; and this person did not afterwards make his appearance. The man who gave the boy the fourpence also disappeared, while his companion mounted the gig, and drove of rapidly, It was then discovered that a bag containing three parcels of Bank notes, which had been forwarded by the ageut of the Leith Bank at Callender, of the Leith Bank at Stirling, and of the Commercial Bank at Crief. and amounting in all to about ten thousand pounds, was abstracted. It is next to self-evident that the robbery was contrived and executed by the passen- ger and the two persons in the gig, and that they again met together on the road leading to the Queensferry, as three men of the same deseription did arrive that night at Newmills, whence two men proceeded to Edinburgh in a post chain, and the other went westward. It remains to be noticed that early on Saturday,a man of the name of Murray, who has been hanging loose upon the town for some time whose history is unknuwn., hired a gig from Smith's Stables in Rose Street, and this person late on Saturday evening called on Mr Smith, and after communicating to him that the horse and gig had been upset in a ditch on the road from'Kilkliston to Queensfetry, desired to know what it would cost to repair the damage. Mr Smith estimated the damage at L48, which Murray paid him is ten pound band notes of the Bank of Scotland. The horse and gig were actually found in the ditch, and from the. marks of feet about the place, it was evident that three men had been engaged to extricate them.

    It has been ascertained that Murray spent the evening along with others in a noted Brothel at the foot of North St David Street, kept by a man who has been taken into custody ; and through him the police came to learn that Murray did not leove Edinburgh till 11 o'clock on Sunday morning, when he set off in a post.chaise for .London by the eastern road. Sergeant Eewis Stewart of the police, accom- panied by a clerk of one of the banks, was immediately dis- patched in that direction after him , while messengors and officer,. were sent off in parsuit in almost every other direction. A letter was received at the police establishment yes- terday from Stewart, intimating that a person answering Murray's description bad been overtaken and apprehended at Therik in Yorkshire, where, being in an infirm state of health, he had stopped to take some repose ; and that, L60 in Scotch notes were found upon him. He was expected to. arrive last night in custody. The guard of the coach is in confinement.

    Acknowledgement: 'The Trustees of the National Library of Scotland'

    Stand and Deliver!
1833
  • Murder of Robert Tennant

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    A FULL & PARTICULAR ACCOUNT OF THE EXECUTION OF Robert Tennant

    Who was Executed at Stirling on Wednesday morning, the 2nd of October, for the bloody Murder of William Peddie, an old man, about 70 years of age, on the high road between Beancross and Kerse toll, parish of Falkirk, on the evening of the 3rd of August last, with his Speech upon the scaffold, also a copy of his Lamentation.

    ROBERT TENNANT is a young man about 24 years of age, was a labourer, and employed in breaking stones on the Toll Road, between Beancross and Kerse Toll, in the parish of Falkirk, when the unfortunate circumstances of the murder took place.

    William Peddie, the deceased was about 70 years old, a labourer also, and likewise employee on the same road, on which he was foreman. On the forenoon of the 3rd of August, the day on which the murder was committed, Peddie was instructed to dismiss Tennant from the work, by Mr. Borthwick, the superintendant of that district of road, because that, although the deceased had before prevailed on the superintendant to keep him on the road, it was evident that his drinking and irregularity rendered him unfit to be longer employed, and had been at that moment, 12 o'clock noon, lying drunk on the footpath, opposite the Toll, apparently fast asleep. When he awoke, and this instruction was communicated to him, the altercation commenced, which ended in the murder of the poor old man.

    About eight o'clock on Wednesday morning the Magistrates assembled in the Court -House, shortly after which the prisoner was brought forward, and after a short time spent in devotional exercise, and after singing a few verses of the 50th psalm, he proceeded to the scaffold about 20 minutes past 8 o'clock, when after in very impressive and ferent prayer by the Rev. A Bennie, during in which he bowed repeatedly, he was led to the drop, and after a few seconds spent in prayer, he gave the signal, when he was launched into eternity. He was decently dressed in black. There were about 2000 spectators present.

    Ye fellow man, pray view the end,

    Of those who live in crime,

    they range abroad without a friend;

    And die before their time,

    The dreadful scaffold does unfold

    A lesson to the young;

    It paints in Language seldom told,

    That crime will stop the tongue.

    When pinioned fast, the awful view,

    Does damp the prisoner's heart,

    But little thought spectators take,

    It leaves no lasting smart.

    Farewell, my friends, we now must sever,

    The thought lies heavy at my heart,

    Forget my awful end for ever,

    I from you now must part.

    Acknowledgement: 'The Trustees of the National Library of Scotland'

    Murder of Robert Tennant
1840
  • 1840: The railway comes to Stirling

    During the late 1840s the railways came to Stirling and probably did more than any other single development to create the town we know today. Fine new Victorian suburbs appeared as Glasgow merchants and businessmen moved into the town, happy to live in an attractive scenic area but now able to commute easily to work in the city. With their arrival, a greater sense of civic pride also developed. No great industrial magnate emerged to provide the town with civic amenities; it fell upon the town council and local ratepayers to erect the water reservoirs, schools, hospitals, bridges, court house, shopping arcade, public halls and other civic buildings of today.

    Step by step the town developed. Stage coaches improved Stirling's links with the rest of Scotland, just as the industrial revolution was impacting on the area. Before long Stirling became a significant woollen-making town, powered by local streams. Neighbouring Bannockbum became a famed tartan weaving town, manufacturing around 90% of all tartan made in the world, thanks to mills established in the 1770s. In 1819 the Prince of Wales gave Stirling cloth a great boost by having a highland outfit made locally

    As Stirling established itself as a county town, related industries developed to serve the district - coal mining, brewing and coopering, brickmaking, nailmaking, tanning and the famous Kinross coachbuilding company (which received its Royal Warrant from Queen Victoria in 1837). The town also became a market centre with a wide selection of shops and services ranging from grocers, butchers and dairies to the photographers, milliners and hairdressers which served people from a wider surrounding area. Railways also spawned a thriving tourist industry, still a vital part of the local economy.

    Even the famous Wallace Monument was built by local subscription.

    During the 20th century, this gradual evolutionary progress went on. While the town lived through two world wars at great human cost, but virtually undamaged, the town council tackled slum housing and deprivation in the 1920s, poverty and

    unemployment in the 30s, and urban regeneration in the post-war years with few financial resources but a great feeling of social responsibility.

    For all its royal history, Stirling is still a people's town.

    Only fifteen years after the opening of the famous Stockton to Darlington tramline, Stirling was linked up to the Caledonian rail network.

    This ran through southern Scotland passing through an area with little population from Carlisle until it reaches Motherwell. There was a branch to Edinburgh and a further line between the north of Coatbridge and near Larbert which connected the line to other lines running to Stirling, Perth, Dundee and Aberdeen.

    The line between Stirling and Dunfermline is now closed, however track remains in place between Stirling and Alloa.This railway is due to be re-opened in 2007 between Stirling and Alloa for passengers and between Stirling and Kincardine Junction (and on to Kincardine) for freight.

    1840: The railway comes to Stirling
1843
  • Execution of Alan Mair

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    Execution of Allan Mair

    An old man of 8O, for the Murder of Mary Fletcher, aged 85, at Candie End, or Curshort, parish of Muiravonside, who suffered at Stirling, this morning, October. 4, 1843, together with his behaviour in the Condemned Cell.

    STIRLING, October4, 1843

    This morning the awful spectacle was exhibited to the view of a vast concourse of spectators, o the Execution of Allan Mair, a man aged eighty four years of age, who was convicted of the Murder of his Wife, Mary Fletcher or Mair, at Candie End or Curshort parish of Muiravonside, on the night of Sunday the 14th, or morning of Monday the 15th May last, by beating her with a stick or other weapon, by which she came by her death.Fletcher was eighty five years of age

    Mair solemnly declared his innocence of the crime of which he was found guilty, insisting that the evidences adduced on his trial had perjured them- selves, and nothing seemed for some time capable of convincing him but that he had been unjustly condemned.

    As some of our readers may not have read any of the evidence, we give the following, which we think is pretty decisive as to his guilt :

    Helen Bennie or NimmoKnows Mair, and identified him Mair came to reside there in May, 1842 Had a woman that had stopt with him thirty years. Heard her say so on the 14th May last She passed as his reputed wife. Her name was Mary Fletcher. She died on the 16th May, at four o'-clock. Witness was with her when she died, and was in the constant habit of seeing her since she came to reside there. Visited her Once or twice a day. Told witness she was eighty-five years old Looked fully that age.
    Deceased Could not walk wellhad got a hurt on her back Deceased never was unwell but once while there, and this was about the New Year. Said that she did not get her victuals as she ought from Mair. Said so in Mair s presence. Panel gave deceased some abusive language, and wished she was in hell and her soul burning. Never knew them want victuals out of the house, but ho kept them locked up. Many a time he starved her, but witness always gave her something to eat, and some of the neighbours did so too; but this was always done when panel was out Deceased seemed a well-disposed person.Mair always abused her, and often wished she was dead. Deceased often said ' We could live like the king on the throne, although we are poor, if you were good to me.' Saw her on the 14th of May at 7 at night, and gave her some supper she told me something that made me get up and put on my clothes, and go with her, and I heard the cry of murder. Knew deceased's voice. Heard the strokes Was distant a few yards. Heard the cries repeated, and the blows continued. I went to the door. The blows were very heavy, like the blows of a hammer. When witness was at the front, she heard deceased say to Mair, ' Let me lie, and die in peace, and don't strike me any more
    Saw her next morning about seven Panel opened the door and said deceased had been fighting with the bed doors all night, and breaking them.

    Witness spoke mildly to him, as she was afraid, and asked him what ailed him at her. Panel said he had got no sleep with her smashing them. Said he was going down to the manse with the key, and to tell the minister to make a snuff-box of his wife.
    Witness had taken some tea for her, and went to bed and did not see her, and asked him what he had done with her, as she was not there. Panel swore at her and said ' where could she be?'
    Witness looked again, and she was crouched up at the foot of the bed. She had a cap on, and an old piece of cotton cloth about her shoulders. The front of her shilt was all blood. Her arms were bare, Saw a deal of blood about the bed . When I offered her the tea, she was not able to lift her right hand but could move the other. She took some of it and pointed to Allan, and said it was him that did that, meaning the bruises she had got, and I sent for a police officer and got the pannel into custody. Deceased was alive at the time, but 1 thought she died of the wounds received.

    It appears that he had entertained the idea of self-destruction, by abstaining from food, which he actually did for four or five days after the passing of his sentence, but the cravings of nature became too much to withstand, and he afterwards partook of his victuals freely.

    He was in hopes of a mitigation of his sentence, till Thursday morning last, when an answer to his memorial was received from the .Secretary of State, stating that no hopes of mercy might be expected; Mair, on hearing this, said, ' Weel, I maun submit.'

    He was assisted in his spiritual concerns by the Rev. Mr Stark, chaplain of the Jail, the Rev. Messrs Gilfillan, Leitch, Watson, and Harper, and readily entered into conversation with them, and exhibited cansiderable acquaintance with the truths of the Gospel,and sometimes manifested bursts of feeling of a very strong nature, more resembling those of youth than of hoary age hardened into searedness.

    About eight o'clock the magistrates entered the Court Hall, and the prisoner soon after, supported by two individuals,and attended by the foregoing clergymen, who assisted him at his devotions, which being finished, he shortly afterwards ascended the scaffold, and almost immediately thereafter the signal Was giventhe drop felland after a few convulsive struggles, the world closed upon the wretched man for ever.

    Acknowledgement: 'The Trustees of the National Library of Scotland'

    Execution of Alan Mair
1850
  • Clan McGregor

    View original Transcription from National Library

    GENEALOGY OF THE CLAN MACGREGOR.

    This Popular Reading can always be had at the Poets' Box.

    Before Apollo had a lute
    More than a hundred year,
    Macgregor played on his own pipes
    His Highland clan to cheer.
    He had a boat, too, of his own,
    Made out of Highland wood,
    Which saved Macgregor and his friends
    From drowning at the Flood.

    And you must know the Gaelic tongue
    Was spoken in Glen Eden,
    For Adam wrote his Highland sangs
    The time his sheep were feedin'.
    And Mrs Adam's name was Grant,
    She came from Abergeldie,
    She was a poetess, and wrote
    The Birks o' Aberfeldy.

    And furthermore, old Tubal-Cain,
    His name was Dugald Dhu,
    But was misprinted in the book,
    The printer being fu'.
    He was a blacksmith to his trade,
    And made the first claymore,
    Besides, he made the coat o' mail
    That Noah's father wore.

    And furthermore, it's gospel truth,
    He did invent the bell,
    Because, you see, he sold a dram
    And needit it himsel'.
    Young Dugald Vulcan served his time
    With this same Dugald Dhu,
    Five years he shod Macgregor's horse,
    And Dugald's bellows blew.

    Now Noah is a Grecian word,
    In Gaelic its Macpherson,
    He instituted Highland games,
    Just for his own diversion.
    Macallum Mhor, his son-in-law,
    Was Lord Duke of Argyle,
    His mother's name was Janet Gunn,
    A sister of King Cail.

    There's Samson, too, that's more of Greek,
    His name was Gilderoy,
    He felled a bullock wi' his neive,
    When he was just a boy.
    They took him off to Stirling jail,They little kent his might,
    He walked off with the gates and all
    At the dead hoar o' night.

    There's no use talking about Greek,
    It's just a sort of gabble,
    A portion of the Highland tongue
    Spoiled at the tower of Babel.
    The Greeks you see were not a clan,
    Although of the same bone,
    But just a sort of labouring men
    That carried bricks and stone.

    For instance, there's the Iliad, now
    It's ruined altogether,
    'Twas first wrote in the Gaelic tongue
    By Homer in Balquhidder.
    The Greeks they got it at the last,
    And spoiled it as you see ;
    Then swore that Homer was a Greek
    A most infernal lee.

    But that's not all, our Highland chiefs
    They all got pagan names,
    Such as Achillesbless my soul,
    The more's the burning shame.
    Fingal was Ajaxor the like,
    Ossian they made a Spartan,
    Macgregor wasthe Lord knows what,
    'Twas something about tartan.

    Now maybe you would like to know
    Where this Glen Eden stood,
    Ochone ! it was a bonny place
    Before that awful flood.
    Aweel 'twas just in Inverness,
    Some say 'twas in Argyle
    We needn't quarrel 'bout a word.
    'Twas in Scotland all the while.

    Acknowledgement: 'The Trustees of the National Library of Scotland'

    Clan McGregor
  • Professor Nimmo's Lament

    View original Transcription from National Library

    Transcription

    PROFESSOR NIMMO'S LAMENT.

    AIR" Black Joke."

    O, fare ye well Stirling town,
    And Athrie braes a while,
    For I have gone and left you now,
    To get a cover in Argyle.

    O, when I was in Stirling town,
    The ladies I met there,
    They were always glad to see me, aye,
    And I shared of their good cheer.

    But now I have gone and left them,
    For a little while behind,
    Hoping yet to meet them,
    Upon some proper time.

    And while we were together,
    We were jovial brisk and free,
    The Miss Braws they delighted me,
    With not a little glee.

    The time it came we had to part,
    And then I went away,
    Being not forgetful of the fair young ladies,
    I left in Aberlady bay.

    I'll dress them up in pure.
    And colours that are fine,
    And for a more graceful decoration,
    They will wear veils of green.

    Their babies they will be skilful,
    Sleek and very fine,
    Smiling up in their lady mother's face,
    Being chiefs of the Nimmo clan.

    Alas the joys, too, are all gone,
    I shared with Moorhead kind,
    My pleasures all did quickly flow before,
    But his were all behind.

    Professor Nimmo's Lament
1855
  • 1855: Fire in King's Old Buildings

    In 1855 there was a fire at the north end of the building. The damage was so bad that it had to be rebuilt. A fine frontage was added overlooking the quiet and attractive garden to its north. By then the explosives and ammunition storage area placed in the Douglas Garden in 1681 (and still there) had been made redundant by others more safely located in the Nether Bailey.

    The King's Own Building now houses the regimental museum of the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders. There have been calls from time to time that the building should be restored as has happened with the Chapel Royal and Great Hall. However, so much uncertainty exists about what it was like when built that this seems very unlikely.

    1855: Fire in King's Old Buildings
1856
  • 1856: Wallace Monument - meeting to discuss building

    Huge meeting in King's Park decides that Stirling is the only possible home for the National Wallace Monument - to be built by local subscription

    A visit to Stirling would not be complete without a visit to the National William Wallace. It stands tall and proud on the Abbey Craig rock, from where William Wallace and his army made his dramatic descent to defeat the English at the Battle of Stirling Bridge.

    The 220ft tower was conceived in the 1850's on a tide of nationalism and completed in 1869 with support from many European leaders including Garibaldi.

    The Wallace Monument, with its 246 steps to the top, houses reconstruction's of Wallace's dramatic battle for freedom, his famous sword and the busts of famous Scots, including poet Robert Burns

    1856: Wallace Monument - meeting to discuss building
1859
  • Balfron Ballad

    View original Transcription from National Library

    PRICE ONE PENNY

    The circumstances which gave rise to the following song,
    are simply these :On the morning of the 8th of March. 1859.
    the inhabitants of Balfron, were apprehensive of riotous proceedings
    by the navvies employed at the Glasgow Water
    Works, who had visited the town in great numbers. A de-
    tachment of military was telegraphed for from Stirling, but
    before their arrival, about 11 o'clock forenoon, the navvies
    had decamped and left the town. The song is the production
    of Mr William Sinclair of Stirling. Copies can only be had,
    in the Poet's Box, 6 St Audrew's Lane, Glasgow.

    AirGuy Fawkes.

    High glory to the old Black Watch, & dauntless Sevonty-One
    And glory to the Ninety-Two. who have such laurels won.
    And honour to the illustrious few who bravely led them on,
    To the deathless & the bloodless field of the battle of Balfron.
    Twas the morning of the 8th of March, & seven by the chime.
    When rushed down from the Water Works some hundreds
    in their prime,

    Two hundred lrish labourers and Highland navvies ran,
    Like a torrent from the Water W orks to the'battle of Balfron.
    And some were armed with picks and spades, and some with
    bludgeons too,(they flew :

    And cart-wheel spokes, and good oak rungs, all gathered as
    Loud yells & cries rang to the skies, as the navvies hurried on.
    Hurrah for the Glasgow Water Works & the battle of Balfron.
    Up started from their dreamy beds the good folks of the tuwn,
    But little reck'd they such a host was on them coming down;
    Alarm'd they heard the lrish yell & the thund' ring Gaelic toue.
    And wished they were l000 miles from the battle of Balfron.

    They came in wild confusion, with many a loud hurrah,

    All shouting cries of battle, all eager for the fray
    Snobs, fleshers, tailors wondered, while all cried out Ochone,
    Out, out from every window looked the good folks of Balfron.
    Still. still the Glic mingled with the lrish yell and cheer;
    I wish, cried out a farmer, we had the Scotch Greys here,
    Or the fighting Enniskillens, who at Balaklava shoue,
    With the bold dragoons from Dublin, at the battle of Balfron.
    One louder than the rest exclaimed, friends, this will never do,
    We'll all be broiled & swallowed up in such an Irish stew,
    So let us send tor the Forty-Twa who have great battles won,
    And our town shall be famed in ages for the buttle of Baltron.
    Then swift as rushing lightning, on letters all of tire,
    The order to old Stirling flash'd on the telegraphie wire.
    And in a trice the Highlanders the railway line were on,
    With rifles, powder, balls and all, for the battle of Balfron.
    No sooner did the Irish boys and stalwart navvies know
    That the Forty Twa, from Stirling town, had been invited so,
    Than they cried, och, by the powers, my boys, we'll let them
    fight alone,

    And have all the glory to themselves of the battle of Balfron.
    Hurrah for the Glasgow Water Works, with many a shout
    and cheer,(longer here !

    They cried, as they shouldered spade and rungWe'll be no,
    And off they sallied, as they came, hurrahing all, well done,
    We were first to reach and leave the field, of the battle of
    Balfron.

    How shall the Muse presume to sing of how the Forty-Twa.
    Did celebrate a victory. such as they never saw ?
    Instead of fire locks, Pipes of Peace were lighted one by one.

    And tobacco smokenot gunpowderascended o'er Balfron.
    Great whangs of cheese, and cakes and ale, were by the
    neighbours brought,

    For such a bloodless battle ne'er was in old Scotland fought,
    And medals on the spot wore struck ere yet the feast was done
    In honour of the victory of the battle of Balfron.
    Then glory to the old Black Watch & dauntless Seventy One,

    And Honour to the illustrious few who bravely led them on,
    To the deathless & the bloodless field of the battle of Balfron,

    Saturday Morning, May 7, 1859.

    Acknowledgement: 'The Trustees of the National Library of Scotland'

    Balfron Ballad
1868
  • List of Executions in Stirling

    View original Transcription from National Library

    NameCrimeDate
    Thomas M'LauchlanHousebreakingNovember 19, 1773
    G. M'KerracherForgeryApril 28, 1773
    Joan SmartForgeryMay 16, 1785
    T' M'NairRobbery at FalkirkOctober, 1811
    Alexander O'KaneRobberyFebruary 21, 1813
    John Baird and Andrew HardieTreasonSeptember 8, 1820
    John FlemingForgeryMay 11, 1825
    John M'GradyHousebreakingMay 25, 1825
    Peter MoffatMurderJuly 28, 1828
    Robert TennantMurderOctober 2, 1828
    Alex. Millar or ScattersMurderApril 8, 1837
    Allan MairMurderOctober 4, 1843

    Acknowledgement: 'The Trustees of the National Library of Scotland'

    List of Executions in Stirling
1873
  • Commercial Bank converted to Stirling Infirmary
    the actual building was originally built in 1825-27 as the Commercial Bank, designed by James Gillespie Graham. It was then converted to use as the first Stirling Infirmary by Peddie & Kinnear in 1873-74 and then subsequently enlarged in 1878, 1883 and 1913, superseded by a new Infirmary in 1928 and later used as a district library and offices for the Forth Valley Health Board,
    Commercial Bank converted to Stirling Infirmary
1877
  • 1877: Old Grammar School rebuilt

    The "Grammar School" of Stirling and one of its predecessors is first mentioned in the Burgh Records of 1523. The earliest reference to a school in Stirling, however, dates back to the 12th Century, when there was already a church school in the town. For centuries relatively few children would have had the chance to take advantage of the limited kinds of education provided. Education had to be paid for, but some financial assistance was given to help in educating children from poor families.

    In 1877 the School was rebuilt using stone from the 15th century school.

    1877: Old Grammar School rebuilt
1880
  • John Pettigrew's Ancient Stirling

    View original Transcription from National Library

    ORIGINAL SONGS BY JOHN PETTIGREW

    Who is troubled with Bronchitis and unable to follow his lawful employment.

    SOLD ONLY BY THE AUTHOR.

    ANCIENT STIRLING

    AIR. - " The Standard on the Braes o' Mar."

    Let minstrels sing of sparkling wine,

    In verses high and skirling ;

    Let lovers praise their maidens fine,

    I'll sing of ancient Stirling.

    Whaur Wallace bold, in days of old,

    His faithful band he did command,

    And Southern foemen couldna stand

    The Scottish steel at Stirling.


    King Edward did oor thistle spurn,

    An' cam' to Scotland whirling,

    But when he cam' to Bannockburn

    It jagg'd his thooms near Stirling.

    For valiant Bruce, sae slee an' crouse,

    The English armies did reduce,

    And Scotland's independence gained

    That day near ancient Stirling.


    When queenly simmer comes to reign,

    An' sends king winter birling,

    She seems to mak' the place her ain,

    Sic braws she gies to Stirling.

    When fragrant flowers au' scented thorn,

    The bonnie vales an' glens adorn,

    Hoo sweet upon a simmer's thorn,

    To walk roon' classic Stirling.


    But noo a secret I will tell,

    Nor roon' the bush gang whirling,

    One modest flower that I lo'e well,

    Blooms sweet in ancient Stirling.

    Her form sae fair, her smile sae rare,

    Her daisy face sae fu' o' grace,

    Her winning ways my heart ensnare,

    And mak' me cling to Stirling.


    Acknowledgement: 'The Trustees of the National Library of Scotland'

    John Pettigrew's Ancient Stirling
1885
  • Butcher's Van

    View original Transcription from National Library

    AIRBattle of Stirling Bridge.
    PRICE ONE PENNY.

    Copies of this Popular Song can be had the Poet's Box,
    182 OVERGATE, DUNDEE.

    In Glasgow's famous streets,Some little boys began,
    To amouse themselves, as all kids would,
    With the butcher's greasy van.
    'It shall not be," the butcher cries; "I'll chap each little rascal's head,'

    He cried With indignation;
    The butcher he ran down the street,
    The bobby there ho chanced to meet,
    And he charged him to the station,
    As quick aa lichtning flashed,
    A dozen bobbies came ;
    All armed with batons in there fists,

    They ran with might and main ;
    Although their dress was royal blue,
    With vengeance on their face they flew,
    Through the streets and lanes so muddy,
    Crying, "Who is he that dare resist?
    I'll put the snitchers on their fist,
    And drive them like a cuddy."

    For one long hour they ran,
    The boys they did pursue,
    At last they catched a wee, wee kid
    A close a running through ;
    Without compulson he confessed
    The names and where to find the rest ;

    So at night when they were sleeping,
    The barns from their bods were torn,
    And to the office off were born,
    In spite of mothers weeping.
    For ten long hours they lay,
    In terror and in gloom,
    Till time brought on the fatal day.
    Fixed for the fatal doom.

    "What have you done," the Bailies cried,
    "Nothing ava," the barnies replied,
    For hunger give them courage,
    The bobbies at the mouth did foam,
    For each was sentenced to go home
    "Go home and get your porridge."

    Acknowledgement: 'The Trustees of the National Library of Scotland'

    Butcher's Van
1902
  • 1902: Work begins on the Public Library

    Andrew Carnegie, the Scottish steel baron, laid the foundation stone of the Public Library in the Corn Exchange. He donated toward the building costs as he did with many others both in Scotland and in his adopted homeland in the United States.

    A plaque commerates Carnegie's visit to Stirling in 1902, when Andrew Carnegie received a ceremonial freedom of the burgh.

    The plaque reads "This memorial stone was laid on 11th Ocober 1902, by Mrs Carnegie, wife of Andrew Carnegie Esq. LL.D, of Skibo, the donor of this building." Carnegie attended many such ceremonies when he was living at his Scottish home at Skibo.

    The libray opened in 1904.

    1902: Work begins on the Public Library
1928
  • 1928: Nationalist Party of Scotland founded

    The ratification of a new political party took place in King's Park. The meeting resolved to work for the political indpendence of Scotland. In the afternoon, the 2000 strong crowd celebrated the birth of the new party at Bannockburn.

    The NPS had been founded in Stirling by members of the Scottish National League, including the Gaelic nationalist and writer R. S. Erskine Mar and poet C. M. Grieve (Hugh MacDiarmid). The NPS had soon attracted left-wingers from the Scottish Home Rule Association (SHRA, 1886-1929) which had emerged during the period of Gladstone's adoption of the Irish cause and when Liberals had taken up the idea of home rule for Scotland, Ireland, and Wales

    The new party did badly in the 1929 elections, but in 1931 the writer and nationalist Compton Mackenzie was elected Rector of Glasgow University. During the economic crisis of the 1930s, conservatives from the Scottish Party merged with the NPS - purged of its extremists including C. M. Grieve - and the Scottish National Party was born in 1932.

    1928: Nationalist Party of Scotland founded
1967
  • 1967: Stirling University's first intake of Students

    Stirling University, whose situation on a fine 18th century estate in the shadow of the Ochil Hills has often led to the campus being described as the most beautiful in Europe, is an infant compared to some of Scotland's most venerable seats of higher learning.

    But since it first opened its doors in 1967 it has shown a maturity far beyond its years, establishing a fine record for academic excellence, topping UK tables for its research achievements, and carving out for itself a truly international reputation.

    Among its 7,500 students no less than 75 countries are represented. The university's departments amply reflect the fact that as well as its important dimension on the UK scene, the institution is playing a true international role.

    Its highly rated Scottish Centre for Japanese Studies, which prepares graduates for in international business and communication, has promoted a greater understanding of Far East ways, and imparted some of the knowledge that has made Japan a world economic power.

    1967: Stirling University's first intake of Students
1993
  • Nelson Mandela visits Glasgow, Scotland
    Mandela visited Glasgow 20 years ago to thank the city for its support in the fight against apartheid in his native South Africa. Why did the man who had spent almost three decades in prison applaud the efforts of the people of Scotland's biggest city?
    In a speech at the City Chambers in Glasgow on 9 October 1993, he said: "While we were physically denied our freedom in the country of our birth, a city 6,000 miles away, and as renowned as Glasgow, refused to accept the legitimacy of the apartheid system, and declared us to be free."
    Nelson Mandela visits Glasgow, Scotland
1996
  • Dunblane school tragedy
    The Dunblane school massacre was one of the deadliest firearms incidents in UK history, when gunman Thomas Hamilton killed sixteen children and one teacher at Dunblane Primary School near Stirling, Scotland on 13 March 1996, before committing suicide.

    Public debate about the killings centred on gun control laws, including public petitions calling for a ban on private ownership of handguns and an official enquiry, the Cullen Report. In response to this debate, two new firearms Acts were passed, which effectively made private ownership of handguns illegal in the United Kingdom.
    Dunblane school tragedy
1998
  • Ocean Colour Scene play Stirling Castle
    In 1998 they headlined their own arena tour in support of Marchin' Already and played three sold out nights at Stirling Castle, Scotland.
    Ocean Colour Scene play Stirling Castle
1999
  • 1999: The Renovation of the Great Hall

    The most exciting aspect of the restoration has been on the Great Hall, built in 15000 by James 1V, The largest and finest medieval banqueting hall in Scotland, it was the venue for unbelievable lavish celebrations after the baptism of his son Henry, attended by Scottish nobility and foreign ambassadors.

    In the 18 century the Great Hall was altered beyond recognition when it was converted into a three storey army barracks. However, architectural detective work by the Great Hall restoration team uncovered fragments of the original plaster and limewash which provided an insight into how the building would have looked in the 15th Century.

    The subsequent renovation work has restored the original striking golden hue on the walls. This was achieved by the use of harling, a traditional method used for finishing walls in Scotland which involves spreading several thin coats of lime mortar on the walls.

    The design of the hammerbeam roof was decided from early drawings and evidence from Edinburgh Castle Hall. It was necessary to build a hut and envelope over the roof before replacing it completely.

    The new ceiling is made from 350 Scottish oak trees which were obtained from coppiced woods owned by Forest Enterprise. Because the site from which they came was a Site of Special Scientific Interest they had to be removed by horse. The wood was prepared by medieval methods and is not seasoned. The jointing systems of the Hall were designed for green timber which as it contracts will become tighter. Every stone of the masonry was detailed and drawn. The Hall is furnished with hangings including a Cloth of State worked by the Embroiders Guild. The fireplace is usable.

    Traditional craftsmen were commissioned to create the finishing touches to the interior of the Great Hall and was officially opened by Her Majesty the Queen on 30th November 1999, St Andrew's Day

    The restoration of the Great Hall has cost 8mand was completed by 2000.

    1999: The Renovation of the Great Hall
  • Rem play at Stirling Castle
    REM played a three day concert at Stirling Castle supported by StereoLab and Feeder
    Rem play at Stirling Castle
2000
  • 2000: Stirling commisions a millenium tartan

    A new Stirling Tartan was commisioned to celebrate and mark the Millenium. The design brief called for something reflecting the area's historic links with tartan production as well as Stirling's contemporary identity. The finished product needed to incorporate the Council's colours -a deep bottle green and a warm purple

    The creation of the new pattern was the ideal opportunity for some research into the important part that Stirling and area played in Scottish tartans, and in particular the major part played by the famous weaving firm of William Wilson and Sons of Bannockburn.

    Wilson and his offspring were the first industrial producers of tartan and the earliest known recorders of tartan manufacturing. The Wilsons "Key Pattern Book" of 1819 documents weaving instructions for more than 200 tartan produced at their Bannockburn dye works and weaving sheds. This meticulously kept record was an excellent starting point for developing a contemporary pattern.

    To create the contemporary Stirling tartan designer Stewart Russell set about photographing indigenous plants and flowers in the Stirling area. Inspiration came from plants at the foot of the Wallace Monument including thistles, fox gloves, wild nettles and heather.

    The photos were then scanned into a computer and digitalised to create patterns and individual colour palettes. This visual information was then applied to a computer programme written specifically for designing tartan.

    Two sets of images were produced - some symmetrical and some asymmetrical. The asymmetrical patterns were based on original designs found in the Wilson's "Key Pattern Book" of 1819.

    2000: Stirling commisions a millenium tartan
2001
  • 2001: The Tolbooth is Refurbished

    One of the most exciting commission programmes has now been completed at Stirling's Tolbooth. Linked to the building redevelopment as a music and performing arts venue, artists and designers were commissioned to create new work.

    Reflecting the building's important place in Stirling and Scotland's history, several artists have interpreted past events through commissions including textiles, photography and stone carving.

    Discovering what life was like behind bars 150 years ago is one of the main aims of the attraction and it provides visitors with a vivid insight into the gruesome job of the town hangman, Jock Rankin.

    From the jail roof there are breathtaking views that extend to the first mountain ranges of Highlands and capture the whole of Forth Valley. For prisoners such as Joseph McConnell (15), sentenced to seven years for the theft of a piece of rope, time must have stood still.

    2001: The Tolbooth is Refurbished
  • Bob Dylan plays Stirling Castle
    As the night comes down on Stirling Castle - Dylan takes us back in time with his timeless music and lyrics.
    Bob Dylan plays Stirling Castle
  • Tapestries for Stirling Castle
    The magnificent Unicorn tapestries hanging in the Queen’s Inner Hall of the Palace were commissioned especially for Stirling Castle. They have been woven by hand, using techniques dating back to the 1400s.

    From one of the Stirling tapestries

    The tapestries are closely based on a set of seven held by the Metropolitan Museum of New York at its Cloisters Museum. The original tapestries were produced in the early 1500s in the Low Countries.

    We know that James V had two sets of tapestries featuring unicorns. Tapestries were extremely expensive and were prized by the wealthy elites of the European Renaissance.

    Work began on the new tapestries in 2001 and is due to be completed in 2013. Four of the seven are being woven in a purpose built studio within Stirling Castle
    Tapestries for Stirling Castle
2002
  • 2002: Stirling becomes a City

    A city at heart

    Maybe its something to do with the craggy beauty of its setting, and the open vistas which roll out beneath the two unmistakable landmarks of Castle and Wallace Monument, but Stirling has always set its sights far and wide. The outlook is all-embracing and international.

    And now confident, cosmopolitan Stirling has become Scotlands youngest city. HM Queen Elizabeth II granted six UK towns city status in 2002 to mark her Golden Jubilee, and Stirling's bid was one of the successful ones. In May the Queen visited the new city to present the letters patent to Provost Tommy Brookes.

    Our world-class university spread across one of the most beautiful campuses in Europe, the largest regeneration project in the country, a new national park on the doorstep, thriving inward investment, a growing population and a great quality of life are just some of the reasons for Stirling's success.

    2002: Stirling becomes a City
  • 2002 Scotland's first National Park

    THE LOCH LOMOND and Trossachs National Park was officially opened by the Princess Royal in July.2002. It extends over 720 square miles - most of it within the Stirling Council area.

    This is Scotland's first National Park, and it already attracts five million visitors a year.

    The gateway to the Park is crowned by a 60 million visitor centre, Loch Lomond Shores shopping complex, a conference venue, cinema and adventure playground at the south end of the loch near Balloch.

    Loch Lomond Shores Chief Executive Kevin Johnson believes the development manages a clever double whammy.

    It helps the environmental protection of Loch Lomond by focusing tourist attention away from the ecologically sensitive areas while enhancing the visitor experience and using tourism to regenerate the local economy.

    2002 Scotland's first National Park
2006
  • 2006: Stirling Salutes Battalion

    Monday, 28 August, 2006

    Stirling Salutes Battalion

    STIRLINGs citizens turned out in force to salute soldiers from the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, 5th Battalion The Royal Regiment of Scotland, as they marched through the city.

    The streets were lined with local people and visitors to see the Argylls exercise their right as Freeman of Stirling to march with bayonets fixed and drums beating. The Argylls were accompanied by the Battalions Pipes and Drums fresh from performing at Edinburghs Military Tattoo.

    On welcoming the Argylls and their Representative Colonel, General Andrew Graham, Stirling Provost Colin OBrien said, "The Argylls have a special place in the hearts and minds of our people and communities. Stirling Council and the people of Stirling are proud of our long association with the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, which stretches back over many years, and our thoughts are with them wherever they serve in the world.

    Another Freeman of Stirling Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth sent a special message of good wishes. In a letter to Provost OBrien, The Queen sent her good wishes to the Argylls as Freemen of Stirling on this special occasion and regret at being unable to attend.

    Also present were Armed Forces Minister Adam Ingram MP, Lord Lieutenant Marjory McLachlan, Stirling MP Anne McGuire and the Right Honourable George Reid MSP.

    Captain Jamie Howe, Officer Commanding of the Argylls Battalion Recruiting Team said, "We are deeply honoured to have been invited to exercise our Freedom of Stirling today. It is a rare and humbling tribute to the work of The Argylls and demonstrates the incredible support that we have received over the years from the people of Stirling.

    This was also an important event for us to reassure the public that the Argylls have not gone away and that we are still their local Battalion under The Royal Regiment of Scotland. We are looking for young men aged 16-24 years old to join Scotlands only Air Assault Battalion for a challenging career with great prospects, opportunities to travel and excellent benefits.

    Stirling was the first town in Scotland to make the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders Freemen of the Burgh in 1947.

    The parade ended with a civic reception at the Councils City Chambers, hosted by Provost OBrien. The ceremony closed with the Beating of the Retreat at the Councils Viewforth Headquarters.

    2006: Stirling Salutes Battalion
  • 2006: Robert the Bruces 700th Anniversary

    700 Anniversary

    Robert the Bruce

    It is 700 years since Robert the Bruce was crowned King of Scotland at Scone, Perthshire, on March 27, 1306.

    Bruces finest hour, the Battle of Bannockburn (1314), changed the course of Scottish and British history. Thousands of visitors come every year to Bannockburn near Stirling to experience the very place where Robert the Bruces 12 000 warriors beat the English King Edward IIs 40 000-strong army.

    2006: Robert the Bruces 700th Anniversary
2009
  • Keith Yates - STIRLING Council’s top official is to retire in May.
    STIRLING Council’s top official is to retire in May.
    Chief executive Keith Yates, one of the people who was instrumental in helping Stirling become a city back in 2002, has been with the council since its inception in 1995.
    http://www.dailyrecord.co.uk/news/local-news/stirlings-debt-to-keith-yates-2758367#o0EDsgJgCSz4DjU7.97

    One of the longest serving chief executives in Scotland, Mr Yates was 60 last year. He decided this would be the right time to retire, midway through the council term.

    Read more at http://www.dailyrecord.co.uk/news/local-news/stirlings-debt-to-keith-yates-2758367#AFuRqc1RdowFB7x0.99
    Keith Yates - STIRLING Council’s top official is to retire in May.
2012
  • Andy Murray: wins gold medal at the London Olympics
    Andy Murray from Dunblane wins a gold for Scotland and Britian at the London Olympics.
    Sept 11 2012

    Andy Murray: Olympics gold is 'biggest win' of career
    Use accessible player and disable flyout menus

    Great Britain's Andy Murray says taking Olympic gold is the "biggest win of his life" after a straight-sets victory over Roger Federer at Wimbledon .

    Murray, who lost to Federer in the Wimbledon final 28 days ago, won 10 games in a row on his way to a 6-2 6-1 6-4 victory in under two hours on Centre Court.

    The victory is Murray's first over Federer in a major final, having previously lost three Grand Slam deciders to the Swiss world number one.
    Andy Murray: wins gold medal at the London Olympics
  • Hogmanay in Stirling with the Proclaimers
    Stirling's Hogmanay Concert on 31st December is set against the magnificent backdrop of Stirling Castle.
    With superb live music, DJ and the spectacular midnight firework display, there really is no better place to see out the old year and bring in the new!
    Hogmanay in Stirling with the Proclaimers
2013
  • Waitrose opens in Stirling Thurs Jan 24
    Stirling's newest supermarket, Waitrose, have opened their doors to shoppers.

    Local MSP Bruce Crawford and Waitrose branch manager Lindsay Clifford cut the ribbon at Thursday’s opening, with assistance from primary school pupil Leah McCarthy.

    Leah, from Borestone Primary, won a schools competition to come up with an ethical shopper bag design for the new Waitrose. Her design can be seen on 1000 bags.

    The first customer of the day was Jean Cuthbert, who had been waiting outside the store since 6am. She was awarded Champagne and flowers by the branch manager.

    Unit 1
    Burghmuir Retail Park
    Burghmuir Road
    FK7 7NZ
    01786464021

    Stirling Observer link http://www.stirlingobserver.co.uk/stirling-news/local-news-stirling/news-stirling/2013/01/30/waitrose-opens-stirling-store-51226-32704576/
    Waitrose opens in Stirling Thurs Jan 24
  • Nelson Mandela dies 5 December 2013.


    By Dailyrecord.co.uk

    Nelson Mandela's bond with Scotland and memorable visit to Glasgow in 1993
    5 Dec 2013 22:09

    THE former South African president, who has died at the age of 95, had a long history with Scotland before visiting the country in 1993.
    He was given the Freedom of Glasgow in absentia in 1981, while he was still in prison in South Africa, and was finally able to collect the award 12 years later.
    Nelson Mandela dies 5 December 2013.
2014
  • The 700th anniversary of the battle of Bannockburn
    2014 is a huge year for Scotland a programme of events marks the 700th anniversary of the battle of Bannockburn, the Commonwealth Games and Ryder Cup.

    Stirling, Scotland's heart, is a fantastic base for these 2014 events, less than an hour away from Glasgow and Edinburgh and 30 minutes from Gleneagles home to the Ryder Cup.

    Stirling is a must-see city with an impressive contrast of contemporary living and stunning historic sites such as Stirling Castle, the National Wallace Monument and Bannockburn battlefield.

    For legendary days out come to Stirling!
    The 700th anniversary of the battle of Bannockburn
  • 2014:Bannockburn Live Day

    Bannockburn Live is a two day event for all the family, on Saturday 28 and Sunday 29 June 2014 from 10am - 7pm. This Homecoming Scotland 2014 signature event will immerse you in Scotland’s history and culture, commemorating the 700th anniversary of the Battle of Bannockburn and celebrating the best of Scottish folk music, food and drink.

    2014:Bannockburn Live Day
  • 2014: National Armed Forces Day Stirling

    The city of Stirling has been chosen to host the Armed Forces Day national event on 28 June 2014.

    2014: National Armed Forces Day Stirling
  • 2014 Andy Murray receives Freedom of the City of Stirling
    Provost of Stirling, Mike Robbins said "I'm not surprised that so many of Andy's fans want to share this special occasion - I know we're all looking forward to awarding him the Freedom of Stirling in this formal ceremony. He's a great role model for all our young people, so we have tried to include as many of them as possible in the celebration".The Special Meeting will also be attended by young people representing all of Stirling's high schools, and will be streamed live to Dunblane primaries and the Victoria Hall in Dunblane.
    2014 Andy Murray receives Freedom of the City of Stirling
  • Scottish Referendum - Stirling results
    Stirling Council Area Counting Officer Bob Jack has announced the total number of votes cast for each answer in the Scottish Independence Referendum.

    A total of 25,010 votes were cast for Yes and a total of 37,153 votes were cast for No.

    A total of 62 votes were rejected for a number of reasons, including: 0 did not bear the official mark on the ballot paper; 16 voted in favour of both answers; 2 included writing or a mark by which the voter could be identified and 44 were unmarked or void for uncertainty.

    A total of 62,225 (90.1%) local residents took part in the Referendum, with 10,436 voters casting their ballot by post.

    The total registered electorate for the Stirling Council Area was 69,033, with 10,825 registering for a postal vote and 721 for a proxy vote.
    Scottish Referendum - Stirling results
  • Stirling Council has named Stewart Carruth as its new chief executive.
    Mr Carruth, who currently serves as depute chief executive, will take up the post when Bob Jack retires in the summer.

    The former Aberdeen City Council worker was appointed after a "rigorous recruitment process".

    He said he was looking forward to taking on the "challenges and opportunities" ahead for the local authority.

    He said: "Many challenges and opportunities lie ahead in the next five years and I am ready to help the council meet them and achieve its ambitions for Stirling."

    Stirling Council leader Johanna Boyd added: "I am delighted that, following a rigorous recruitment process, Stewart will be taking up this important post.

    "He has already made a significant contribution to Stirling Council and will no doubt distinguish himself in his new role. I look forward to working with him in his new role as chief executive."
    Stirling Council has named Stewart Carruth as its new chief executive.
  • Stirling Council chief executive Bob Jack to step down
    28 March 2014
    The chief executive of Stirling Council is to step down as part of a major overhaul of the authority's management team.

    Bob Jack's early retirement is expected to be confirmed at a special meeting of the council next month.

    Council leaders warned of "significant challenges and changes ahead" as the authority draws up a five-year business plan and budget.

    Mr Jack has been in the role for five years.
    http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-tayside-central-26788229
    Stirling Council chief executive Bob Jack to step down
2015
  • Eclipse
    A partial eclipse of the sun occurred - 9:30am Friday 20 March 2015 - photo taken in Stirling
    Eclipse
2016
  • UK's EU Referendum
    UK Prime Minister David Cameron announced a referendum on whether Britain should remain in the European Union to be held on Thursday 23 June
    The European Union - often known as the EU - is an economic and political partnership involving 28 European countries. It began after World War Two to foster economic co-operation, with the idea that countries which trade together are more likely to avoid going to war with each other. It has since grown to become a "single market" allowing goods and people to move around, basically as if the member states were one country. It has its own currency, the euro, which is used by 19 of the member countries, its own parliament and it now sets rules in a wide range of areas - including on the environment, transport, consumer rights and even things like mobile phone charges.
    The question is always crucial in any referendum. The Electoral Commission proposed the wording, which has been accepted by MPs: "Should the United Kingdom remain a member of the European Union or leave the European Union?" The options for voters will be 'Remain a member of the European Union' and 'Leave the European Union'.
    Why is a referendum being held?

    Britain had a referendum in 1975 shortly after it had joined the EU, or the Common Market as it was then called. The country voted to stay in then but there have been growing calls, from the public and politicians, for another vote because, they argue, the EU has changed a lot over the past 40 years, with many more countries joining and the organisation extending its control over more aspects of daily lives. David Cameron initially resisted these calls but in 2013 he changed his mind.

    BBC Website http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-32810887
    UK's EU Referendum
  • EU Referendum results - Britian voted to leave the EU
    Stirling EU results
    Valid votes cast 48,931 (74%)
    Votes to remain 33,112 (67%)
    Votes to leave 15,787 (32%)
    -32 ballots rejected.

    Britain voted a Leave majority.
    David Cameron, Conservative, announced his resignation as Prime Minister
    EU Referendum results - Britian voted to leave the EU
  • David Bowie dies of Cancer aged 69
    January 10, 2016, Manhattan, New York City, New York, United States
    David Bowie dies of Cancer aged 69
2017
  • History Made As Thousands Run Through Heart Of Scotland
    Sunday 21 May 2017 - THE heart of Scotland was transformed into a festival of running as thousands of people took on a range of distances as part of the historic first-ever Stirling Scottish Marathon.

    A total of 6,500 people signed up to the 26.2mile event, taking on a route from Blair Drummond Safari Park, through Doune, Dunblane, Bridge of Allan and the University of Stirling and into the city centre where they finished beneath the iconic Stirling Castle.

    At the same time, 500 runners took part in the Great Stirling 5K, taking in a city centre loop which started and finished in City Park while, on Saturday, hundreds of children and their parents tackled the Thistles Great Stirling Family Run on the picturesque campus at the University of Stirling.

    Thousands of spectators turned out to cheer on the marathon and 5k runners over the line for the first marathon to take place in the city.

    The winner of the inaugural marathon was Andrew Lemoncello, who returned to Stirling from his base in America to compete in the city where he spent time as a student at the university.

    Lemoncello, who finished in a time of 2.25.01 with Iain Reid and Robert Gilroy second and third in 2.29.44 and 2.34.17 respectively, said: “It feels great to be the first winner of the Stirling Scottish Marathon.

    “This is where I went to university, I wasn't sure where I was with some of the course but as soon as I got back on the road, I remembered it all. Seeing the crowds really spurred me on to finish.

    “It was so much fun out there and to finish with the crowds cheering was a great thing. I'd recommend this to anyone, it was a great course and I'll be back next year.

    "You would be hard-pressed to find a more beautiful marathon route."

    Lesley Pirie was the inaugural female winner of the event in 2.47.36, with Jill Smylie in second, clocking 2.57.04 while Juliet Champion was third in 2.58.36.
    Running legends Liz McColgan and Zola Budd took part in the marathon, with Zola over the line first in 3.12.24, finishing as ninth female, and Liz not far behind in 3.18.33.

    Double Commonwealth gold medal winner McColgan said: “It was really enjoyable in a funny sort of way.

    “I was really pleased to run round and not have any problems, I was really comfortable. My legs stood up to the distance, so I'm just pleased to have finished. I've had a lot of problems since I retired so I never thought I'd be able to run a marathon again, so I'm chuffed.

    Zola, who represented Great Britain and South Africa, said: “It was a great race, it was tough at the end, but it was really a great race. It was really lovely to be out here. The support was amazing all throughout the race. I had a really warm welcome and I really appreciated the support – it was magnificent.”

    Portuguese Olympic champion Rosa Mota took on the 5k, and was fourth female in a time of 19.51.

    On Saturday, around 200 children with their parents took on a short course around the University of Stirling's campus for the inaugural Thistles Great Stirling Family Run.

    Event sponsors The Thistles Centre, who are based in the heart of Stirling, handed out medals to the youngsters crossing the line, and centre director Phil Byrne said: “What a success the inaugural The Thistles Great Stirling Family Run was. We were delighted with the uptake in participation not only by local families, but by many from across the Central Belt too.

    “The event proved hugely popular and was a fantastic opportunity for children to feel involved in the wider events taking place across the city.

    “The Family Run delivered everything we hoped it would achieve in year one; a fun, sociable way for families to enjoy exercise together.

    “The Thistles looks forward to working with the organisers to help build upon the success of this year and strengthen it further for 2018.”
    History Made As Thousands Run Through Heart Of Scotland

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